Android 导航控件之 Toolbar

阅读 1723
收藏 135
2017-03-09
原文链接:blog.csdn.net

简介

Toolbar是在 Android 5.0 开始推出的一个 Material Design 风格的导航控件 用来取代之前的 Actionbar

Toolbar支持:
- 设置导航栏图标
- 设置App的logo
- 支持设置标题和子标题
- 支持添加一个或多个的自定义控件
- 支持Action Menu

实践说明

默认情况下Activity是有一个ActionBar的

如何删除这个ActionBar呢?

首先在styles文件中自定义一个style

    <style name="MyTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
        <item name="colorPrimary">@color/colorPrimary</item>
        <item name="colorPrimaryDark">@color/colorPrimaryDark</item>
        <item name="colorAccent">@color/colorAccent</item>
    </style>

然后在对应Activity清单文件中配置

  <activity
         android:name=".FirstToolbarActivity"
         android:theme="@style/MyTheme"/>

第一种样式

布局文件


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/tool_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        app:navigationIcon="@mipmap/ic_book_list"
        app:titleTextColor="@color/white"
        app:theme="@style/CustomToolbarTheme">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerInParent="true"
            android:layout_gravity="center"
            android:text="标题"
            android:textColor="@android:color/white"
            android:textSize="16sp"/>

    </android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar>

</RelativeLayout>

FirstToolbarActivity.Java

package com.zhoujian.toolbar;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * Created by zhoujian on 2017/3/8.
 */

public class FirstToolbarActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_first);
        initView();
    }

    private void initView()
    {

        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.tool_bar);

        // 设置navigation button 点击事件
        toolbar.setNavigationOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                finish();
            }
        });

        //设置menu
        toolbar.inflateMenu(R.menu.menu_item);
        // 设置溢出菜单的图标
        toolbar.setOverflowIcon(getResources().getDrawable(R.mipmap.icon_menu));
        // 设置menu item 点击事件
        toolbar.setOnMenuItemClickListener(new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()){
                    case R.id.item_collect:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(FirstToolbarActivity.this, "按钮被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;

                    case R.id.item_talk:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(FirstToolbarActivity.this, "发起群聊点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.item_add:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(FirstToolbarActivity.this, "添加朋友被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;

                }
                return false;
            }
        });

    }
}

显示效果:

a.png

第二种样式

布局文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:toolbar="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">


    <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/tool_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        toolbar:logo="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        toolbar:navigationIcon="@mipmap/ic_book_list"
        toolbar:subtitle="小标题"
        toolbar:theme="@style/CustomToolbarTheme"
        toolbar:title="大标题"
        toolbar:titleMarginStart="20dp"
        toolbar:titleTextColor="@color/white">


        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginLeft="50dp"
            android:text="我的"
            android:textColor="@color/white"
            android:textSize="14sp"/>

    </android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar>

</RelativeLayout>

SecondToolbarActivity.java

package com.zhoujian.toolbar;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * Created by zhoujian on 2017/3/8.
 */

public class SecondToolbarActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_second);
        initView();
    }

    private void initView()
    {

        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.tool_bar);

        // 设置navigation button 点击事件
        toolbar.setNavigationOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                finish();
            }
        });


        //设置menu
        toolbar.inflateMenu(R.menu.menu_item);
        // 设置溢出菜单的图标
        toolbar.setOverflowIcon(getResources().getDrawable(R.mipmap.icon_menu));
        // 设置menu item 点击事件
        toolbar.setOnMenuItemClickListener(new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()){
                    case R.id.item_collect:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(SecondToolbarActivity.this, "按钮被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.item_talk:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(SecondToolbarActivity.this, "发起群聊点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case R.id.item_add:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(SecondToolbarActivity.this, "添加朋友被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                }
                return false;
            }
        });

    }
}

显示效果:

b.png

第三种样式

布局文件


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:toolbar="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/tool_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        toolbar:title="使用实例"
        toolbar:navigationIcon="@mipmap/ic_book_list"
        toolbar:titleTextColor="@color/white"
        toolbar:theme="@style/CustomToolbarTheme">

    </android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar>
</RelativeLayout>

ThirdToolbarActivity.java

package com.zhoujian.toolbar;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * Created by zhoujian on 2017/3/8.
 */

public class ThirdToolbarActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_third);
        initView();
    }

    private void initView()
    {

        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.tool_bar);

        // 设置navigation button 点击事件
        toolbar.setNavigationOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                finish();
            }
        });


        //设置 Toolbar menu
        toolbar.inflateMenu(R.menu.toolbar_menu);
        // 设置溢出菜单的图标
        toolbar.setOverflowIcon(getResources().getDrawable(R.mipmap.icon_menu));
        // 设置menu item 点击事件
        toolbar.setOnMenuItemClickListener(new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()){
                    case R.id.publish:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(ThirdToolbarActivity.this, "发布按钮被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;


                }
                return false;
            }
        });

    }
}

显示效果:

c.png

第四种样式

布局文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:toolbar="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/tool_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        toolbar:navigationIcon="@mipmap/ic_book_list"
        toolbar:theme="@style/CustomToolbarTheme"
        toolbar:titleTextColor="@color/white">

        <EditText
            android:id="@+id/edit_search"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:textColor="@color/white"/>

    </android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar>
</RelativeLayout>

FourthToolbarActivity.java


package com.zhoujian.toolbar;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 * Created by zhoujian on 2017/3/8.
 */

public class FourthToolbarActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_four);
        initView();
    }

    private void initView()
    {

        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.tool_bar);

        // 设置navigation button点击事件
        toolbar.setNavigationOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                finish();
            }
        });


        //设置menu
        toolbar.inflateMenu(R.menu.menu_search);
        // 设置溢出菜单的图标
        toolbar.setOverflowIcon(getResources().getDrawable(R.mipmap.icon_menu));
        // 设置menu item 点击事件
        toolbar.setOnMenuItemClickListener(new Toolbar.OnMenuItemClickListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onMenuItemClick(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()){
                    case R.id.item_search:
                        //点击设置
                        Toast.makeText(FourthToolbarActivity.this, "搜索按钮被点击了", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;

                }
                return false;
            }
        });

    }
}

显示效果:

d.png

源码下载

源码下载:https://github.com/zeke123/Toolbar

评论