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Android原生绘图进度条+简单自定义属性代码生成器

零、前言

1.感觉切拼字符串是个很有意思的事,好的拼接方式可以自动生成一些很实用的东西
2.本文自定义控件并不是很高大上的东西,目的在于计录自定义控件的书写规范与行文流程
3.建议大家自定义控件时自定义属性有自己专属前缀,有利无害,何乐不为
4.本文是根据鸿洋在慕课网上的教程敲的:详见,自己修改并优化了一点逻辑和显示效果

先看一下效果:

圆形进度条.gif

横向进度条.gif

一、简单自定义属性生成器

1.玩安卓的应该都写过自定义控件的自定义属性:如下

自定义控件.png

我写着写着感觉好枯燥,基本上流程相似,也没有什么技术难度,想:这种事不就应该交给机器吗?

2.通过attrs.xml自动生成相应代码

秉承着能用代码解决的问题,绝对不动手。能够靠智商解决的问题,绝对不靠体力的大无畏精神:
写了一个小工具,将代码里的内容自动生成一下:基本上就是字符串的切割和拼装,工具附在文尾

使用方法与注意点:
1.拷贝到AndroidStudio的test里,将attrs.xml的文件路径设置一下,运行
2.自定义必须符合命名规则,如z_pb_on_height,专属前缀如z_,单词间下划线连接即可
3.它并不是什么高大上的东西,只是简单的字符串切割拼组,只适用简单的自定义属性[dimension|color|boolean|string](不过一般的自定义属性也够用了)

自动生成.png

在开篇之前:先看一下Android系统内自定义控件的书写风格,毕竟跟原生看齐没有什么坏处
看一下LinearLayout的源码:

1.构造方法使用最多参数的那个,其他用this(XXX)调用
 public LinearLayout(Context context) {
      this(context, null);
  }

  public LinearLayout(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) {
      this(context, attrs, 0);
  }

  public LinearLayout(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
      this(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, 0);
  }

  public LinearLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr, int defStyleRes) {
      super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes);
      ...
      }
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2.自定义属性的书写

1).先将自定义属性的成员变量定义好
2).如果自定义属性不是很多,一个一个a.getXXX,默认值直接写在后面就行了
3).看了一下TextView的源码,自定义属性很多,它是先定义默认值的变量,再使用,而且用switch来对a.getXXX进行赋值

final TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(
                attrs, com.android.internal.R.styleable.LinearLayout, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes);

        int index = a.getInt(com.android.internal.R.styleable.LinearLayout_orientation, -1);
        if (index >= 0) {
            setOrientation(index);
        }

        index = a.getInt(com.android.internal.R.styleable.LinearLayout_gravity, -1);
        if (index >= 0) {
            setGravity(index);
        }

        boolean baselineAligned = a.getBoolean(R.styleable.LinearLayout_baselineAligned, true);
        if (!baselineAligned) {
            setBaselineAligned(baselineAligned);
        }
        ......
        a.recycle();
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一、水平的进度条

条形进度条分析.png

1.自定义控件属性:values/attrs.xml
    <!--自定义进度条-->
    <declare-styleable name="TolyProgressBar">
        <!--进度条相关-->
        <!--背景色-->
        <attr name="z_pb_bg_color" format="color"/>
        <!--背景高-->
        <attr name="z_pb_bg_height" format="dimension"/>
        <!--进度色-->
        <attr name="z_pb_on_color" format="color"/>
        <!--进度高-->
        <attr name="z_pb_on_height" format="dimension"/>
        
        <!--文本相关-->
        <!--文字颜色-->
        <attr name="z_pb_txt_color" format="color"/>
        <!--文字大小-->
        <attr name="z_pb_txt_size" format="dimension"/>
        <!--文字两边的空距-->
        <attr name="z_pb_txt_offset" format="dimension"/>
        <!--文字是否消失-->
        <attr name="z_pb_txt_gone" format="boolean"/>
    </declare-styleable>
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2.初始代码:将进行一些常规处理
public class TolyProgressBar extends ProgressBar {

    private Paint mPaint;
    private int mPBWidth;
    private RectF mRectF;
    private Path mPath;
    private float[] mFloat8Left;//左边圆角数组
    private float[] mFloat8Right;//右边圆角数组
    
    private float mProgressX;//进度理论值
    private float mEndX;//进度条尾部
    private int mTextWidth;//文字宽度
    private boolean mLostRight;//是否不画右边
    private String mText;//文字

    private int mPbBgColor = 0xffC9C9C9;
    private int mPbOnColor = 0xff54F340;
    private int mPbOnHeight = dp(6);
    private int mPbBgHeight = dp(6);
    private int mPbTxtColor = 0xff525252;
    private int mPbTxtSize = sp(10);
    private int mPbTxtOffset = sp(10);
    private boolean mPbTxtGone= false;

    public TolyProgressBar(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    public TolyProgressBar(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    public TolyProgressBar(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);

        TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.TolyProgressBar);
        mPbOnHeight = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_on_height, mPbOnHeight);
        mPbTxtOffset = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_offset, mPbTxtOffset);
        mPbOnColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_on_color, mPbOnColor);
        mPbTxtSize = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_size, mPbTxtSize);
        mPbTxtColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_color, mPbTxtColor);
        mPbBgHeight = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_bg_height, mPbBgHeight);
        mPbBgColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_bg_color, mPbBgColor);
        mPbTxtGone =  a.getBoolean(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_gone, mPbTxtGone);
        a.recycle();

        init();
    }
    
    private void init() {
         mPaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
        mPaint.setTextSize(mPbTxtSize);
        mPaint.setColor(mPbOnColor);
        mPaint.setStrokeWidth(mPbOnHeight);

        mRectF = new RectF();
        mPath = new Path();


        mFloat8Left = new float[]{//仅左边两个圆角--为背景
                mPbOnHeight / 2, mPbOnHeight / 2,//左上圆角x,y
                0, 0,//右上圆角x,y
                0, 0,//右下圆角x,y
                mPbOnHeight / 2, mPbOnHeight / 2//左下圆角x,y
        };

        mFloat8Right = new float[]{
                0, 0,//左上圆角x,y
                mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2,//右上圆角x,y
                mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2,//右下圆角x,y
                0, 0//左下圆角x,y
        };
    }
    
}
    
    private int sp(int sp) {
        return (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(
                TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_SP, sp, getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
    }

    private int dp(int dp) {
        return (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(
                TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, dp, getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
    }
    
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2.测量:
    @Override
    protected synchronized void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        int width = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec);
        int height = measureHeight(heightMeasureSpec);
        setMeasuredDimension(width, height);
        mPBWidth = getMeasuredWidth() - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight();//进度条实际宽度
    }
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    /**
     * 测量高度
     *
     * @param heightMeasureSpec
     * @return
     */
    private int measureHeight(int heightMeasureSpec) {
        int result = 0;
        int mode = MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec);
        int size = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec);

        if (mode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) {
            //控件尺寸已经确定:如:
            // android:layout_height="40dp""match_parent"
            result = size;
        } else {
            int textHeight = (int) (mPaint.descent() - mPaint.ascent());
            result = getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom() + Math.max(
                    Math.max(mPbBgHeight, mPbOnHeight), Math.abs(textHeight));

            if (mode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) {//最多不超过
                result = Math.min(result, size);
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
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3.绘制:
    @Override
    protected synchronized void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
        super.onDraw(canvas);

        canvas.save();
        canvas.translate(getPaddingLeft(), getHeight() / 2);

        parseBeforeDraw();//1.绘制前对数值进行计算以及控制的flag设置

        if (getProgress() == 100) {//进度达到100后文字消失
            whenOver();//2.
        }
        if (mEndX > 0) {//当进度条尾部>0绘制
            drawProgress(canvas);//3.
        }
        if (!mPbTxtGone) {//绘制文字
            mPaint.setColor(mPbTxtColor);
            int y = (int) (-(mPaint.descent() + mPaint.ascent()) / 2);
            canvas.drawText(mText, mProgressX, y, mPaint);
        } else {
            mTextWidth = 0 - mPbTxtOffset;
        }
        if (!mLostRight) {//绘制右侧
            drawRight(canvas);/4.
        }

        canvas.restore();
    }
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1).praseBeforeDraw()
/**
 * 对数值进行计算以及控制的flag设置
 */
private void parseBeforeDraw() {
    mLostRight = false;//lostRight控制是否绘制右侧
    float radio = getProgress() * 1.f / getMax();//当前百分比率
    mProgressX = radio * mPBWidth;//进度条当前长度
    mEndX = mProgressX - mPbTxtOffset / 2;       //进度条当前长度-文字间隔的左半
    mText = getProgress() + "%";
    if (mProgressX + mTextWidth > mPBWidth) {
        mProgressX = mPBWidth - mTextWidth;
        mLostRight = true;
    }
    //文字宽度
    mTextWidth = (int) mPaint.measureText(mText);
}
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2).whenOver()
/**
 * 当结束是执行:
 */
private void whenOver() {
    mPbTxtGone = true;
    mFloat8Left = new float[]{//只有进度达到100时让进度圆角是四个
            mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2,//左上圆角x,y
            mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2,//右上圆角x,y
            mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2,//右下圆角x,y
            mPbBgHeight / 2, mPbBgHeight / 2//左下圆角x,y
    };
}
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3).drawProgress()
/**
 * 绘制左侧:(进度条)
 *
 * @param canvas
 */
private void drawProgress(Canvas canvas) {
    mPath.reset();
    mRectF.set(0, mPbOnHeight / 2, mEndX, -mPbOnHeight / 2);
    mPath.addRoundRect(mRectF, mFloat8Left, Path.Direction.CW);//顺时针画
    mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);
    mPaint.setColor(mPbOnColor);
    canvas.drawPath(mPath, mPaint);//使用path绘制一端是圆头的线
}
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4).drawRight()
/**
 * 绘制左侧:(背景)
 *
 * @param canvas
 */
private void drawRight(Canvas canvas) {
    float start = mProgressX + mPbTxtOffset / 2 + mTextWidth;
    mPaint.setColor(mPbBgColor);
    mPaint.setStrokeWidth(mPbBgHeight);
    mPath.reset();
    mRectF.set(start, mPbBgHeight / 2, mPBWidth, -mPbBgHeight / 2);
    mPath.addRoundRect(mRectF, mFloat8Right, Path.Direction.CW);//顺时针画
    canvas.drawPath(mPath, mPaint);//使用path绘制一端是圆头的线
}
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xml里使用:
<top.toly.reslib.my_design.logic.TolyProgressBar
    android:id="@+id/id_toly_pb2"
    android:layout_width="300dp"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:paddingTop="10dp"
    android:paddingBottom="10dp"

    android:progress="20"
    app:z_pb_bg_color="@color/red"
    app:z_pb_bg_height="10dp"

    app:z_pb_on_color="#224ee3"
    app:z_pb_on_height="15dp"

    app:z_pb_txt_color="@color/rosybrown"
    app:z_pb_txt_offset="5dp"
    app:z_pb_txt_size="10dp"/>
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三、圆形进度条
1.自定义属性
<!--圆形进度条-->
<declare-styleable name="TolyRoundProgressBar">
<!--进度条半径-->
<attr name="z_pb_radius" format="dimension"/>
</declare-styleable>
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2.代码实现:
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/11/9 0009:11:49<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:圆形进度条
 */
public class TolyRoundProgressBar extends TolyProgressBar {

    private int mPbRadius = dp(30);//进度条半径
    private int mMaxPaintWidth;

    public TolyRoundProgressBar(Context context) {
        this(context, null);
    }

    public TolyRoundProgressBar(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    public TolyRoundProgressBar(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);

        TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.TolyRoundProgressBar);
        mPbRadius = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyRoundProgressBar_z_pb_radius, mPbRadius);
        mPbOnHeight = (int) (mPbBgHeight * 1.8f);//让进度大一点
        a.recycle();
        
        mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
        mPaint.setDither(true);
    }

    @Override
    protected synchronized void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
        mMaxPaintWidth = Math.max(mPbBgHeight, mPbOnHeight);
        int expect = mPbRadius * 2 + mMaxPaintWidth + getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight();
        int width = resolveSize(expect, widthMeasureSpec);
        int height = resolveSize(expect, heightMeasureSpec);
        int realWidth = Math.min(width, height);
        mPaint.setStrokeCap(Paint.Cap.ROUND);

        mPbRadius = (realWidth - getPaddingLeft() - getPaddingRight() - mMaxPaintWidth) / 2;
        setMeasuredDimension(realWidth, realWidth);
    }

    @Override
    protected synchronized void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {

        String txt = getProgress() + "%";
        float txtWidth = mPaint.measureText(txt);
        float txtHeight = (mPaint.descent() + mPaint.ascent()) / 2;
        canvas.save();
        canvas.translate(getPaddingLeft() + mMaxPaintWidth / 2, getPaddingTop() + mMaxPaintWidth / 2);
        drawDot(canvas);
        mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
        //背景
        mPaint.setColor(mPbBgColor);
        mPaint.setStrokeWidth(mPbBgHeight);
        canvas.drawCircle(mPbRadius, mPbRadius, mPbRadius, mPaint);
        //进度条
        mPaint.setColor(mPbOnColor);
        mPaint.setStrokeWidth(mPbOnHeight);
        float sweepAngle = getProgress() * 1.0f / getMax() * 360;//完成角度
        canvas.drawArc(
                0, 0, mPbRadius * 2, mPbRadius * 2,
                -90, sweepAngle, false, mPaint);
        //文字
        mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);
        mPaint.setColor(mPbTxtColor);
        canvas.drawText(txt, mPbRadius - txtWidth / 2, mPbRadius - txtHeight / 2, mPaint);
        canvas.restore();
    }

    /**
     * 绘制一圈点
     *
     * @param canvas
     */
    private void drawDot(Canvas canvas) {
        canvas.save();
        int num = 40;
        canvas.translate(mPbRadius, mPbRadius);
        for (int i = 0; i < num; i++) {
            canvas.save();
            int deg = 360 / num * i;
            canvas.rotate(deg);
            mPaint.setStrokeWidth(dp(3));
            mPaint.setColor(mPbBgColor);
            mPaint.setStrokeCap(Paint.Cap.ROUND);
            if (i * (360 / num) < getProgress() * 1.f / getMax() * 360) {
                mPaint.setColor(mPbOnColor);
            }
            canvas.drawLine(0, mPbRadius * 3 / 4, 0, mPbRadius * 4 / 5, mPaint);
            canvas.restore();
        }
        canvas.restore();
    }
}

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后记:捷文规范

1.本文成长记录及勘误表
项目源码 日期 备注
V0.1--无 2018-11-9 Android原生绘图进度条+简单自定义属性代码生成器
2.更多关于我
笔名 QQ 微信 爱好
张风捷特烈 1981462002 zdl1994328 语言
我的github 我的简书 我的CSDN 个人网站
3.声明

1----本文由张风捷特烈原创,转载请注明
2----欢迎广大编程爱好者共同交流
3----个人能力有限,如有不正之处欢迎大家批评指证,必定虚心改正
4----看到这里,我在此感谢你的喜欢与支持


icon_wx_200.png


附录:简单自定义属性生成器

public class Attrs2Code {
    @Test
    public void main() {
        File file = new File("C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\attrs.xml");
        initAttr("z_", file);
    }

    public static void initAttr(String preFix, File file) {
        HashMap<String, String> format = format(preFix, file);
        String className = format.get("className");
        String result = format.get("result");
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable." + className + ");\r\n");
        format.forEach((s, s2) -> {
            String styleableName = className + "_" + preFix + s;
            if (s.contains("_")) {
                String[] partStrArray = s.split("_");
                s = "";
                for (String part : partStrArray) {
                    String partStr = upAChar(part);
                    s += partStr;
                }
            }
            if (s2.equals("dimension")) {
                // mPbBgHeight = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_bg_height, mPbBgHeight);
                sb.append("m" + s + " = (int) a.getDimension(R.styleable." + styleableName + ", m" + s + ");\r\n");
            }
            if (s2.equals("color")) {
                // mPbTxtColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_color, mPbTxtColor);
                sb.append("m" + s + " =  a.getColor(R.styleable." + styleableName + ", m" + s + ");\r\n");
            }
            if (s2.equals("boolean")) {
                // mPbTxtColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_color, mPbTxtColor);
                sb.append("m" + s + " =  a.getBoolean(R.styleable." + styleableName + ", m" + s + ");\r\n");
            }
            if (s2.equals("string")) {
                // mPbTxtColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.TolyProgressBar_z_pb_txt_color, mPbTxtColor);
                sb.append("m" + s + " =  a.getString(R.styleable." + styleableName + ");\r\n");
            }
        });
        sb.append("a.recycle();\r\n");
        System.out.println(result);
        System.out.println(sb.toString());
    }

    /**
     * 读取文件+解析
     *
     * @param preFix 前缀
     * @param file   文件路径
     */
    public static HashMap<String, String> format(String preFix, File file) {
        HashMap<String, String> container = new HashMap<>();
        if (!file.exists() && file.isDirectory()) {
            return null;
        }
        FileReader fr = null;
        try {
            fr = new FileReader(file);
            //字符数组循环读取
            char[] buf = new char[1024];
            int len = 0;
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            while ((len = fr.read(buf)) != -1) {
                sb.append(new String(buf, 0, len));
            }
            String className = sb.toString().split("<declare-styleable name=\"")[1];
            className = className.substring(0, className.indexOf("\">"));
            container.put("className", className);
            String[] split = sb.toString().split("<");
            String part1 = "private";
            String type = "";//类型
            String name = "";
            String result = "";
            String def = "";//默认值

            StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder();
            for (String s : split) {
                if (s.contains(preFix)) {
                    result = s.split(preFix)[1];
                    name = result.substring(0, result.indexOf("\""));
                    type = result.split("format=\"")[1];
                    type = type.substring(0, type.indexOf("\""));
                    container.put(name, type);
                    if (type.contains("color") || type.contains("dimension") || type.contains("integer")) {
                        type = "int";
                        def = "0";
                    }
                    if (result.contains("fraction")) {
                        type = "float";
                        def = "0.f";
                    }
                    if (result.contains("string")) {
                        type = "String";
                        def = "\"toly\"";
                    }
                    if (result.contains("boolean")) {
                        type = "boolean";
                        def = "false";

                    }
                    if (name.contains("_")) {
                        String[] partStrArray = name.split("_");
                        name = "";
                        for (String part : partStrArray) {
                            String partStr = upAChar(part);
                            name += partStr;
                        }
                        sb2.append(part1 + " " + type + " m" + name + "= " + def + ";\r\n");
                    }
                    container.put("result", sb2.toString());
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (fr != null) {
                    fr.close();
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return container;
    }

    /**
     * 将字符串仅首字母大写
     *
     * @param str 待处理字符串
     * @return 将字符串仅首字母大写
     */
    public static String upAChar(String str) {
        String a = str.substring(0, 1);
        String tail = str.substring(1);
        return a.toUpperCase() + tail;
    }
}
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