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Flutter 扩展的联动Tabs

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Flutter里面使用TabBar和TabBarView的时候。如果是二级TabBar,产品说了一个需求:二级TabBar需要是那种联动的,就是说下面一层的TabBar滑不动了,就滑动上一层的TabBar,不知道这个效果在安卓/IOS里面叫什么,搜了下网上也没看到。

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目录

联动的TabBarView

那么我们打开flutter\packages\flutter\lib\src\material\tabs.dart,开始魔改。

1.首先我们需要获取到上一层的TabBarView.

 Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    if (widget.linkWithAncestor) {
      _ancestor =
          context.ancestorStateOfType(TypeMatcher<_ExtendedTabBarViewState>());
    }
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  1. 不能滑动的时候我们能拿到OverscrollNotification,看这个之前强烈建议去看一下NotificationListener,这个是个好东西,能监听各种通知。

我们来到_handleScrollNotification这个方法添加判断 notification is OverscrollNotification

    if (notification is OverscrollNotification && _ancestor != null) {
      var overscrollNotification = notification as OverscrollNotification;
      if (_canlinkeWithAncestorScroll(overscrollNotification.overscroll < 0)) {
        _ancestor._pageController.position.moveTo(
            _ancestor._pageController.offset +
                overscrollNotification.overscroll);
      }
    }
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并且通过_canlinkeWithAncestorScroll方法判断上一层TabBarView是否能滑动

bool _canlinkeWithAncestorScroll(bool onLeftEdge) {
    //return false;
    if (_ancestor == null) return false;
    return (onLeftEdge &&
            _ancestor._pageController.offset !=
                _ancestor._pageController.position.minScrollExtent) ||
        ((!onLeftEdge &&
            _ancestor._pageController.offset !=
                _ancestor._pageController.position.maxScrollExtent));
  }
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3.将上层TabBarView的_pageController改变为offset+拖动overscroll的。这样效果就完成了。

_ancestor._pageController.position.moveTo(
            _ancestor._pageController.offset +
                overscrollNotification.overscroll);
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4.如果上层可以滑动,我们需要去掉overscroll的阻尼效果。 首先在增加对OverscrollIndicatorNotification的监听

 return NotificationListener<ScrollNotification>(
      onNotification: _handleScrollNotification,
      child: NotificationListener<OverscrollIndicatorNotification>(
        onNotification: _handleGlowNotification,
        child: ExtendedPageView(
          controller: _pageController,
          physics: widget.physics == null
              ? _kTabBarViewPhysics
              : _kTabBarViewPhysics.applyTo(widget.physics),
          children: _children,
        ),
      ),
    );
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判断是否上层TabBarView能否滑动

 bool _handleGlowNotification(OverscrollIndicatorNotification notification) {
    debugPrint("${notification.depth}++++ ${_ancestor != null}");
    if (notification.depth == 0 &&
        _canlinkeWithAncestorScroll(notification.leading)) {
      notification.disallowGlow();
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
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产品要的联动效果就这样搞定了。。是不是很简单。。多看源码还是有很多好处的。。

TabBar色卡指示器ColorTabIndicator

这个是随手送的功能。。( ╯□╰ )就是TabBar指示器为一个色块,代码没啥好说的

class ColorTabIndicator extends Decoration {
  ColorTabIndicator(this.color);

  /// The color and weight of the horizontal line drawn below the selected tab.
  final Color color;

  @override
  Decoration lerpFrom(Decoration a, double t) {
    return super.lerpFrom(a, t);
  }

  @override
  Decoration lerpTo(Decoration b, double t) {
    return super.lerpTo(b, t);
  }

  @override
  _ColorPainter createBoxPainter([VoidCallback onChanged]) {
    return _ColorPainter(this, onChanged);
  }
}

class _ColorPainter extends BoxPainter {
  _ColorPainter(this.decoration, VoidCallback onChanged)
      : assert(decoration != null),
        super(onChanged);

  final ColorTabIndicator decoration;

  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Offset offset, ImageConfiguration configuration) {
    assert(configuration != null);
    assert(configuration.size != null);
    final Rect rect = offset & configuration.size;
    final Paint paint = Paint();
    paint.color = decoration.color;
    canvas.drawRect(rect, paint);
  }
}
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控制缓存页数CacheExtent

  /// cache page count
  /// default is 0.
  /// if cacheExtent is 1, it has two pages in cache
  /// null is infinity, it will cache all pages
  final int cacheExtent;
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控制TabBarView缓存页面的个数,通过重写了PageView中的Viewport的cacheExtent值来实现。

ExtendedPageView的build方法中,增加了对Viewport的cacheExtend的设置。

 child: Scrollable(
        axisDirection: axisDirection,
        controller: widget.controller,
        physics: physics,
        viewportBuilder: (BuildContext context, ViewportOffset position) {
          if (widget.cacheExtent > 0) {
            return LayoutBuilder(
                builder: (BuildContext context, BoxConstraints constraints) {
              return Viewport(
                cacheExtent: widget.cacheExtent * constraints.maxWidth,
                axisDirection: axisDirection,
                offset: position,
                slivers: <Widget>[
                  SliverFillViewport(
                      viewportFraction: widget.controller.viewportFraction,
                      delegate: widget.childrenDelegate),
                ],
              );
            });
          } else {
            return Viewport(
              cacheExtent: widget.cacheExtent == null ? double.infinity : 0.0,
              axisDirection: axisDirection,
              offset: position,
              slivers: <Widget>[
                SliverFillViewport(
                    viewportFraction: widget.controller.viewportFraction,
                    delegate: widget.childrenDelegate),
              ],
            );
          }
        },
      ),
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最后放上 Github extended_tabs,如果你有什么不明白的地方,请告诉我。

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