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NDK开发1之环境搭建

1、下载插件

SDK Manager中找到Android SDK选中LLDBCMakeNDK后点击OK按钮。

下载插件

2、创建CMakeLists.txt文件

在项目中app目录下创建CMakeLists.txt文件,在文件中粘贴以下内容:

# For more information about using CMake with Android Studio, read the
# documentation: https://d.android.com/studio/projects/add-native-code.html
 
# Sets the minimum version of CMake required to build the native library.
 
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.4.1)
 
# Creates and names a library, sets it as either STATIC
# or SHARED, and provides the relative paths to its source code.
# You can define multiple libraries, and CMake builds them for you.
# Gradle automatically packages shared libraries with your APK.
 
add_library( 
        jni_lib # 项目中自行定义的so库名字
        SHARED  # Sets the library as a shared library.
        src/main/jni/jni_lib.c)  # c文件的全路径
        
# Searches for a specified prebuilt library and stores the path as a
# variable. Because CMake includes system libraries in the search path by
# default, you only need to specify the name of the public NDK library
# you want to add. CMake verifies that the library exists before
# completing its build.
find_library( # Sets the name of the path variable.
              log-lib
              # Specifies the name of the NDK library that
              # you want CMake to locate.
              log )
# Specifies libraries CMake should link to your target library. You
# can link multiple libraries, such as libraries you define in this
# build script, prebuilt third-party libraries, or system libraries.
target_link_libraries( # Specifies the target library.
                       jni_lib # 项目中自行定义的so库名字
                       # Links the target library to the log library
                       # included in the NDK.
                       ${log-lib} )
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3、创建Java类,类名随意

public class JNIClass {

    {
        // 加载so包,加载内容就是CmakeLists.txt中定义so包的名字
        System.loadLibrary("jni_lib");
    }

    // 定义一个native方法
    public native int add(int x,int y);
}
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4、创建c文件

CMakeLists.txt中有个c文件路径src/main/jni/jni_lib.c,在此目录下创建jni_lib.c文件,类名随意,但是两者需要保持一致。

5、开始构建

5.1 在NDK项目目录上右击选中Link C++ Project with Gradle

5.2 在弹出的选择框中,选择CMakeLists.txt的存放目录

5.3 点击OK之后Gradle开始构建,在项目的build.gradle中可以看到多了下面几行代码

android{
    ...
    externalNativeBuild {
        cmake {
            path file('CMakeLists.txt')
        }
    }
}
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6、创建c方法

在方法上alt+enter后在c文件中自动创建方法

创建方法如下,生成名字规则 Java+全类名+方法名

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL
Java_com_lbj_mvpflower_ndk_JNIClass_add(JNIEnv *env, jobject instance, jint x, jint y) {

    // TODO

}
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7、调用c方法

修改c方法内容,求两个数的和

JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL
Java_com_lbj_mvpflower_ndk_JNIClass_add(JNIEnv *env, jobject instance, jint x, jint y) {

   return x + y;

}
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修改完毕后,Make Project项目,在build目录下可以看到so文件,so文件名为lib+自己去的名字+.so

最后在java中调用c的方法,得出结果,大功告成

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