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RecyclerView零点突破(基本使用篇)

个人所有文章整理在此篇,将陆续更新收录:知无涯,行者之路莫言终(我的编程之路)

本系列分为四篇:

RecyclerView零点突破(基本使用篇)
RecyclerView零点突破(动画+边线篇)
RecyclerView零点突破(自定义LayoutManager篇)--待完成
RecyclerView零点突破(源码分析篇)--待完成


一、入门级-Adapter:仿QQ消息列表

rv_qq_item.gif


Adapter.png

1.创建一个item布局:

qq_itme.png

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/id_iv_qq_head"
        android:layout_width="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_height="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_marginStart="@dimen/dp_16"
        android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:src="@mipmap/head"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"/>

    <android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="@dimen/dp_16"
        android:layout_marginEnd="@dimen/dp_16"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@id/id_iv_qq_head"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent">

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/id_tv_qq_name"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="张风捷特烈"
            android:textSize="@dimen/sp_16"/>

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/id_tv_time"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="2018-11-30"
            android:textSize="@dimen/sp_12"
            app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@id/id_tv_qq_name"
            app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@id/id_tv_qq_name"/>

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/id_tv_info"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/dp_4"
            android:text="天下无双"
            android:textColor="#aaa"
            android:textSize="@dimen/sp_12"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@id/id_tv_qq_name"/>

        <com.toly1994.test.view.CountTextView
            android:id="@+id/id_ctv_num"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@id/id_tv_info"
            app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@+id/id_tv_time"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/id_tv_info"
            app:z_bg_color="@color/red"
            app:z_ctv_font_size="@dimen/sp_14"
            app:z_ctv_num="10"/>
    </android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
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2.创建ViewHolder

至于为什么要ViewHolder,这里简单的讲一下:
item的布局里面有控件,将这些控件封装起来放在一个类中,使用的时候相当于对成员变量的使用
避免用一次找一次。就像你通过身份证(id)去找人,不用ViewHolder的话,你每次用他都要去找一次
使用ViewHolder相当于把他放旁边放着,使用的时候直接拿,就不需要用id再去找他了

/**
 * ViewHolder
 */
class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
    private TextView mItemTV;
    public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
        super(itemView);
        mItemTV = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_tv_qq_name);
    }
}
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3.适配器:Adapter
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/2 0002:9:22<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:qq信息列表Adapter
 */
public class QQRvAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<QQRvAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
    private static final String TAG = "TolyRvAdapter";
    private List<String> mData;
    private Context mContext;
    public QQRvAdapter(List<String> data) {
        mData = data;
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override//将item布局文件与ViewHolder结合
    public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        mContext = parent.getContext();
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext)
                .inflate(R.layout.item_qq_msg, parent, false);
        return new MyViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
        holder.mItemTV.setText(mData.get(position));
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mData.size();
    }
}
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4.使用
mIdRvContent.addItemDecoration(new RecycleViewDivider(this, LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL));//分割线
mACAdapter = new QQRvAdapter(DataUtils.getRandomName(60, true));//初始化适配器
mIdRvContent.setAdapter(mACAdapter);//设置适配器
mIdRvContent.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this));
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二、入门级-LayoutManager(仿淘宝商品列表)

recyclerView.png

瀑布流 网格流

1.创建一个item布局:

item.png

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v7.widget.CardView
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_margin="@dimen/dp_8"
    app:cardCornerRadius="@dimen/dp_8"
    app:cardElevation="@dimen/dp_4"
    app:cardPreventCornerOverlap="false">

    <android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/id_iv_goods"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:adjustViewBounds="true"
            android:scaleType="fitStart"
            android:src="@mipmap/pic1"
            app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"/>

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/id_iv_info"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_margin="@dimen/dp_8"
            android:text="蓝夜皮肤,2030年爆款,限额三件,先到先得,售完为止"
            android:textColor="@color/black"
            android:textSize="@dimen/sp_12"
            app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@id/id_iv_goods"
            app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="@id/id_iv_goods"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@id/id_iv_goods"/>

        <android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_margin="@dimen/dp_8"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@id/id_iv_info">

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/id_yang"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_2"
                android:text="¥"
                android:textColor="@color/red"
                android:textSize="@dimen/sp_12"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/id_goods_price"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="99999"
                android:textColor="@color/red"
                android:textSize="@dimen/sp_18"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@id/id_yang"/>

            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/id_goods_buy_num"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginStart="@dimen/dp_8"
                android:text="1人已付款"
                android:textColor="@color/gray_8f"
                android:textSize="@dimen/sp_12"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@id/id_yang"
                app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@id/id_goods_price"/>

            <ImageView
                android:id="@+id/id_iv_btn_more"
                android:layout_width="10dp"
                android:layout_height="10dp"
                android:src="@drawable/icon_more_h"
                android:tint="@color/gray_8f"
                app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="@id/id_goods_buy_num"
                app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
                app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@id/id_goods_buy_num"/>

        </android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
    </android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
</android.support.v7.widget.CardView>
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2.数据准备
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/4 0004:8:43<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:商品的实体类
 */
public class GoodsBean {

    private int imgId; //资源id
    private String info; //详情
    private float price;//价格
    private int buyNum;//购买人数
    private String ticket;//优惠券
    
    //其他,略....
}
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public class BeanFactory {
    public static List<GoodsBean> getGoodsBean() {
        List<GoodsBean> beans = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic4, "混沌战士,等比例人形,附加刀及盔甲,2030年爆款,限额三百件,先到先得,售完为止", 6666, 277, "店铺优惠,满100送10"));
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic1, "蓝夜皮肤,2030年爆款,限额三件,先到先得,售完为止", 99999, 2));
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic3, "古典美女,等比例人形,2030年爆款,限额三百件,先到先得,售完为止", 999, 177, "店铺优惠,满100送1000"));
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic6, "珍藏,非卖品", 9999999, 1));
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic2, "黑夜皮肤,附加魔法加成,2030年爆款,限额三百件,先到先得,售完为止", 8888, 277, "店铺优惠,满100送100000"));
            beans.add(new GoodsBean(R.mipmap.pic5, "买洞爷湖送银时,只要998,绝对良心价,2030年爆款,限额三百件,先到先得,售完为止", 998, 277, "店铺优惠,满100送100000"));
        }
        return beans;
    }
}
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3.适配器:GoodsAdapter(自动生成Adapter代码,感觉非常棒:详见)
public class GoodsAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<GoodsAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
    private Context mContext;
    private List<GoodsBean> mData;

    public GoodsAdapter(List<GoodsBean> data) {
        mData = data;
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        mContext = parent.getContext();
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext).inflate(R.layout.item_goods_list, parent, false);
        return new MyViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
        GoodsBean str = mData.get(position);
        holder.mIdIvGoods.setImageResource(str.getImgId());
        holder.mIdGoodsPrice.setText(str.getPrice()+"");
        holder.mIdIvInfo.setText(str.getInfo());
        holder.mIdGoodsBuyNum.setText(str.getBuyNum()+"人已付款");
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mData.size();
    }

    class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        public ImageView mIdIvGoods;
        public TextView mIdYang;
        public TextView mIdGoodsPrice;
        public TextView mIdIvInfo;
        public TextView mIdGoodsBuyNum;
        public ImageView mIdIvBtnMore;

        public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
            super(itemView);
            mIdIvGoods = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_iv_goods);
            mIdYang = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_yang);
            mIdGoodsPrice = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_goods_price);
            mIdIvInfo = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_iv_info);
            mIdGoodsBuyNum = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_goods_buy_num);
            mIdIvBtnMore = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_iv_btn_more);
        }
    }
}
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4.使用:
//初始化RecyclerView
@BindView(R.id.id_rv_goods)
RecyclerView mIdRvGoods;

//使用
mIdRvGoods.setAdapter(new GoodsAdapter(BeanFactory.getGoodsBean()));
mIdRvGoods.setLayoutManager(new StaggeredGridLayoutManager(2, StaggeredGridLayoutManager.VERTICAL));
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//网格流
mIdRvGoods.setLayoutManager(
        new GridLayoutManager(this, 3, GridLayoutManager.VERTICAL, false));
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二、初级(Item操作效果):

条目的操作.png


1.点击+水波纹

item点击+波纹.gif

//为holder.itemView(即条目的View)设置点击事件
@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
    String name = mData.get(position);
    holder.mItemTV.setText(name);
    holder.itemView.setOnClickListener(v -> {
        ToastUtil.show(mContext, "第" + position + "个:" + name);
    });
}
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//item的最顶层设置:
android:background="?android:attr/selectableItemBackground"
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番外:你也可以自定义水波纹效果(安卓5.0+)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ripple xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:color="#8834C4F2"><!-- press和水波纹的颜色 -->
    <item>
        <shape
            android:innerRadius="5dp"
            android:shape="rectangle">
            <solid android:color="@color/white"/>
            <corners android:radius="1dp"/>
        </shape>
    </item>
</ripple>
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2.条目的删除和移动操作:

好吧,炫到晃眼

删除条目 移动条目
1).先定义操作接口:AdapterItemOp
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/3 0003:20:20<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:Item 操作的接口
 */
public interface AdapterItemOp<T> {

    /**
     * 交换条目
     *
     * @param from 起点
     * @param to 终点
     */
    void onItemMove(int from, int to);

    /**
     * 删除条目
     *
     * @param position 位置
     */
    void onItemDelete(int position);
}
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2).自定义条目触摸时的回调
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/3 0003:20:20<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:条目触摸时的回调
 */
public class ItemTouchCallback extends ItemTouchHelper.Callback {
    private AdapterItemOp mAdapter;//操作接口
    public ItemTouchCallback(AdapterItemOp adapter) {
        mAdapter = adapter;
    }

    @Override
    public int getMovementFlags(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
        //上下左右拖动
        int dragFlags = ItemTouchHelper.UP | ItemTouchHelper.DOWN |
                ItemTouchHelper.RIGHT | ItemTouchHelper.LEFT;

        //可向左滑动---删除
        int swipeFlags = ItemTouchHelper.LEFT;
        return makeMovementFlags(dragFlags, swipeFlags);
    }

    @Override//长按拖动
    public boolean isLongPressDragEnabled() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override//滑动删除
    public boolean isItemViewSwipeEnabled() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onMove(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target) {
        //移动时:---交换两个ViewHolder的位置
        mAdapter.onItemMove(viewHolder.getAdapterPosition(), target.getAdapterPosition());
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void onSwiped(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int direction) {
        //滑动删除时:---
        mAdapter.onItemDelete(viewHolder.getAdapterPosition());
    }
}
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3).GoodsAdapter实现AdapterItemOp接口

用接口为了方便使用,在GoodsAdapter里直接写操作方法,ItemTouchCallback传入GoodsAdapter也可以
不过当其他的Adapter也需要操作时,要修改ItemTouchCallback,所以两者耦合度太高

 @Override
 public void onItemMove(int from, int to) {
     //交换位置
     ToastUtil.showAtOnce(mContext, "已交换:" + from + "和" + to + "的位置");
     Collections.swap(mData, from, to);
     notifyItemMoved(from, to);//刷新移动数据---将不刷新position
 }
 
 @Override
 public void onItemDelete(int position) {
     //移除数据
     ToastUtil.showAtOnce(mContext, "已删除:" + position);
     mData.remove(position);
     notifyItemRemoved(position);//刷新移除数据---将不刷新position
 }
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5.条目的添加:(adapter)

注:可以将addItem方法也放在操作接口
注意:notifyItemRemovednotifyItemInserted和notifyItemMoved调用时,item所在的position是不更新的

public void addItem(int position, GoodsBean bean) {
    mData.add(position, bean);
    notifyItemInserted(position);//刷新插入数据---将不刷新position
    if (position == 0) {
        mRecyclerView.scrollToPosition(0);
    }
}
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三、初级-多条目(仿微信聊天)

多条目.png

多个条目 类型分析

1.三个布局
1).布局:type0
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_16">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"
        android:layout_width="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_height="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_marginEnd="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:src="@mipmap/head"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"/>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/id_tv_chat_msg"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginEnd="@dimen/dp_4"
        android:background="@mipmap/me"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:maxWidth="280dp"
        android:text="天下无双"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="@dimen/sp_16"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"/>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
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2).布局:type1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_16">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"
        android:layout_width="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_height="@dimen/item_qq_msg_iv_size"
        android:layout_marginStart="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_8"
        android:src="@mipmap/icon_gql"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"/>
    
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/id_tv_chat_msg"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="@dimen/dp_4"
        android:background="@mipmap/he"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:maxWidth="280dp"
        android:text="天下无双"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        android:textSize="@dimen/sp_16"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="@+id/id_iv_chat_head"/>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
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3).布局:type2
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_marginBottom="@dimen/dp_8"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/id_tv_time"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:background="@drawable/shape_round_rect"
        android:padding="@dimen/dp_4"
        android:text="12月1日 早上11:45"
        android:textColor="@color/white"
        android:textSize="@dimen/sp_14"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"/>
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
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番外:圆角矩形的shape

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
       android:shape="rectangle">
    <solid android:color="#88888888"/>
    <corners android:radius="4dp"/>
</shape>
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2.数据的初始化
1).设计Adapter中数据的实体类
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/3 0003:16:22<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:消息的实体类
 */
public class MsgBean {
    private int type;//类型:0 我  1 他 2 时间
    private String msg;//信息体
    //get、set、构造,略...
}
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2).准备数据

注:聊天数据从:《匆匆》中获取0~100个字随机拼接

/**
 * 获取随机聊天消息
 * @return
 */
public static List<MsgBean> getMsgBeans() {
    List<MsgBean> beans = new ArrayList<>();
    for (int i = 0; i < 60; i++) {
        if (i % 10 == 0) {
            beans.add(new MsgBean(2, ""));
            continue;
        }
        beans.add(new MsgBean(ZRandom.rangeInt(0, 1), 
                ZRandom.randomChar(ZData.congcong, 100)));
    }
    return beans;
}
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3.适配器:Adapter
/**
 * 作者:张风捷特烈<br/>
 * 时间:2018/12/2 0002:9:22<br/>
 * 邮箱:1981462002@qq.com<br/>
 * 说明:聊天的适配器
 */
public class ChatRvAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<ChatRvAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
    private static final String TAG = "TolyRvAdapter";
    private List<MsgBean> mData;

    private Context mContext;

    public ChatRvAdapter(List<MsgBean> data) {
        mData = data;
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override//将item布局文件与ViewHolder结合
    public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        mContext = parent.getContext();
        View view = null;
        switch (viewType) {//对不同的viewType加载不同的布局
            case 0:
                view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext)
                        .inflate(R.layout.item_chat_me, parent, false);
                break;
            case 1:
                view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext)
                        .inflate(R.layout.item_chat_he, parent, false);
                break;
            case 2:
                view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext)
                        .inflate(R.layout.item_chat_time, parent, false);
                break;
        }
        return new MyViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
        MsgBean msgBean = mData.get(position);

        switch (msgBean.getType()) {//对不同的viewType设置不同的数据
            case 0:
            case 1:
                holder.mItemTV.setText(msgBean.getMsg());
                break;
            case 2:
                String time = new SimpleDateFormat("MM月dd日 a HH:mm", Locale.CHINA)
                        .format(System.currentTimeMillis());
                holder.mItemTvTime.setText(time);
                break;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mData.size();
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemViewType(int position) {//返回条目种类viewType
        return mData.get(position).getType();
    }

    /**
     * ViewHolder
     */
    class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        private TextView mItemTV;
        private TextView mItemTvTime;

        public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
            super(itemView);
            mItemTV = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_tv_chat_msg);
            mItemTvTime = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_tv_time);
        }
    }
}
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4.使用:
mIdRvContent.setAdapter(new ChatRvAdapter(getMsgBeans()));
mIdRvContent.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this));
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四、滑动监听:

newState:1:开始下滑---0:手指离开屏幕---2:手指离开屏幕,但还在滑动
dx,dy每次移动的距离

mIdRvContent.addOnScrollListener(new RecyclerView.OnScrollListener() {
    @Override
    public void onScrollStateChanged(RecyclerView recyclerView, int newState) {
        super.onScrollStateChanged(recyclerView, newState);
        ToastUtil.show(V012_QQMsgActivity.this, "newState:" + newState);
    }
    @Override
    public void onScrolled(RecyclerView recyclerView, int dx, int dy) {
        super.onScrolled(recyclerView, dx, dy);
    }
});
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