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MySQL 死锁套路:三个事务插入有一个回滚

这个是非常经典的一个场景,在网上搜索插入意向锁造成的死锁,绝大部分都会指向这个例子

表结构

CREATE TABLE `t1` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `a` varchar(5),
  `b` varchar(5),
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `uk_name` (`a`,`b`)
);
复制代码

三个事务的 insert 语句都是insert ignore into t1(a, b)values("1", "1");

复现步骤如下:

t1 t2 t3 备注
begin begin begin
insert 成功
insert 把 t1 的隐式锁提升为 X 锁,t2 进入进入 S 锁等待
insert t3 进入进入 S 锁等待
rollback; t1 回滚以后,释放 X 锁,t2 和 t3 同时拿到了 S 锁
ok deadlock t2 和 t3 都想拿插入意向锁 X 锁,造成死锁条件

死锁日志如下

------------------------
LATEST DETECTED DEADLOCK
------------------------
181101 23:22:59
*** (1) TRANSACTION:
TRANSACTION 5032, ACTIVE 11 sec inserting
mysql tables in use 1, locked 1
LOCK WAIT 4 lock struct(s), heap size 1248, 2 row lock(s), undo log entries 1
MySQL thread id 5, OS thread handle 0x70000d736000, query id 125 localhost root update
insert ignore into t1(a, b)values("1", "1")
*** (1) WAITING FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED:
RECORD LOCKS space id 56 page no 4 n bits 584 index `uk_name` of table `d1`.`t1` trx id 5032 lock_mode X locks gap before rec insert intention waiting
Record lock, heap no 139 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 3; compact format; info bits 0
 0: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 1: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 2: len 4; hex 800007b1; asc     ;;

*** (2) TRANSACTION:
TRANSACTION 5033, ACTIVE 6 sec inserting
mysql tables in use 1, locked 1
4 lock struct(s), heap size 1248, 2 row lock(s), undo log entries 1
MySQL thread id 6, OS thread handle 0x70000d779000, query id 126 localhost root update
insert ignore into t1(a, b)values("1", "1")
*** (2) HOLDS THE LOCK(S):
RECORD LOCKS space id 56 page no 4 n bits 584 index `uk_name` of table `d1`.`t1` trx id 5033 lock mode S locks gap before rec
Record lock, heap no 139 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 3; compact format; info bits 0
 0: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 1: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 2: len 4; hex 800007b1; asc     ;;

*** (2) WAITING FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED:
RECORD LOCKS space id 56 page no 4 n bits 584 index `uk_name` of table `d1`.`t1` trx id 5033 lock_mode X locks gap before rec insert intention waiting
Record lock, heap no 139 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 3; compact format; info bits 0
 0: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 1: len 3; hex 313031; asc 101;;
 2: len 4; hex 800007b1; asc     ;;

*** WE ROLL BACK TRANSACTION (2)
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这里我们第一次提到了插入意向锁(insert intention lock)

插入意向锁(insert intention lock) 对已有数据行的修改与删除,必须加强互斥锁 X 锁,那对于数据的插入,是否还需要加这么强的锁,来实施互斥呢?插入意向锁,孕育而生。 插入意向锁是间隙锁(Gap Locks)的一种,它是专门针对 insert 操作的,也是为数不多的在 RC 级别下产生 Gap 锁情况

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