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SpringBoot2.0 整合 RocketMQ ,实现请求异步处理

一、RocketMQ

1、架构图片

2、角色分类

(1)、Broker

RocketMQ 的核心,接收 Producer 发过来的消息、处理 Consumer 的消费消息请求、消息的持 久化存储、服务端过滤功能等 。

(2)、NameServer

消息队列中的状态服务器,集群的各个组件通过它来了解全局的信息 。类似微服务中注册中心的服务注册,发现,下线,上线的概念。

热备份: NamServer可以部署多个,相互之间独立,其他角色同时向多个NameServer 机器上报状态信息。

心跳机制: NameServer 中的 Broker、 Topic等状态信息不会持久存储,都是由各个角色定时上报并存储到内存中,超时不上报的话, NameServer会认为某个机器出故障不可用。

(3)、Producer

消息的生成者,最常用的producer类就是DefaultMQProducer。

(4)、Consumer

消息的消费者,常用Consumer类 DefaultMQPushConsumer 收到消息后自动调用传入的处理方法来处理,实时性高 DefaultMQPullConsumer 用户自主控制 ,灵活性更高。

3、通信机制

(1)、Broker启动后需要完成一次将自己注册至NameServer的操作;随后每隔30s时间定时向NameServer更新Topic路由信息。

(2)、Producer发送消息时候,需要根据消息的Topic从本地缓存的获取路由信息。如果没有则更新路由信息会从NameServer重新拉取,同时Producer会默认每隔30s向NameServer拉取一次路由信息。

(3)、Consumer消费消息时候,从NameServer获取的路由信息,并再完成客户端的负载均衡后,监听指定消息队列获取消息并进行消费。

二、代码实现案例

1、项目结构图

版本描述

<spring-boot.version>2.1.3.RELEASE</spring-boot.version>
<rocketmq.version>4.3.0</rocketmq.version>
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2、配置文件

rocketmq:
  # 生产者配置
  producer:
    isOnOff: on
    # 发送同一类消息的设置为同一个group,保证唯一
    groupName: FeePlatGroup
    # 服务地址
    namesrvAddr: 10.1.1.207:9876
    # 消息最大长度 默认1024*4(4M)
    maxMessageSize: 4096
    # 发送消息超时时间,默认3000
    sendMsgTimeout: 3000
    # 发送消息失败重试次数,默认2
    retryTimesWhenSendFailed: 2
  # 消费者配置
  consumer:
    isOnOff: on
    # 官方建议:确保同一组中的每个消费者订阅相同的主题。
    groupName: FeePlatGroup
    # 服务地址
    namesrvAddr: 10.1.1.207:9876
    # 接收该 Topic 下所有 Tag
    topics: FeePlatTopic~*;
    consumeThreadMin: 20
    consumeThreadMax: 64
    # 设置一次消费消息的条数,默认为1条
    consumeMessageBatchMaxSize: 1

# 配置 Group  Topic  Tag
fee-plat:
  fee-plat-group: FeePlatGroup
  fee-plat-topic: FeePlatTopic
  fee-account-tag: FeeAccountTag
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3、生产者配置

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
/**
 * RocketMQ 生产者配置
 */
@Configuration
public class ProducerConfig {
    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ProducerConfig.class) ;
    @Value("${rocketmq.producer.groupName}")
    private String groupName;
    @Value("${rocketmq.producer.namesrvAddr}")
    private String namesrvAddr;
    @Value("${rocketmq.producer.maxMessageSize}")
    private Integer maxMessageSize ;
    @Value("${rocketmq.producer.sendMsgTimeout}")
    private Integer sendMsgTimeout;
    @Value("${rocketmq.producer.retryTimesWhenSendFailed}")
    private Integer retryTimesWhenSendFailed;
    @Bean
    public DefaultMQProducer getRocketMQProducer() {
        DefaultMQProducer producer;
        producer = new DefaultMQProducer(this.groupName);
        producer.setNamesrvAddr(this.namesrvAddr);
        //如果需要同一个jvm中不同的producer往不同的mq集群发送消息,需要设置不同的instanceName
        if(this.maxMessageSize!=null){
            producer.setMaxMessageSize(this.maxMessageSize);
        }
        if(this.sendMsgTimeout!=null){
            producer.setSendMsgTimeout(this.sendMsgTimeout);
        }
        //如果发送消息失败,设置重试次数,默认为2次
        if(this.retryTimesWhenSendFailed!=null){
            producer.setRetryTimesWhenSendFailed(this.retryTimesWhenSendFailed);
        }
        try {
            producer.start();
        } catch (MQClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return producer;
    }
}
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4、消费者配置

import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
/**
 * RocketMQ 消费者配置
 */
@Configuration
public class ConsumerConfig {
    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ConsumerConfig.class) ;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.namesrvAddr}")
    private String namesrvAddr;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.groupName}")
    private String groupName;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.consumeThreadMin}")
    private int consumeThreadMin;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.consumeThreadMax}")
    private int consumeThreadMax;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.topics}")
    private String topics;
    @Value("${rocketmq.consumer.consumeMessageBatchMaxSize}")
    private int consumeMessageBatchMaxSize;
    @Resource
    private RocketMsgListener msgListener;
    @Bean
    public DefaultMQPushConsumer getRocketMQConsumer(){
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer(groupName);
        consumer.setNamesrvAddr(namesrvAddr);
        consumer.setConsumeThreadMin(consumeThreadMin);
        consumer.setConsumeThreadMax(consumeThreadMax);
        consumer.registerMessageListener(msgListener);
        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_LAST_OFFSET);
        consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(consumeMessageBatchMaxSize);
        try {
            String[] topicTagsArr = topics.split(";");
            for (String topicTags : topicTagsArr) {
                String[] topicTag = topicTags.split("~");
                consumer.subscribe(topicTag[0],topicTag[1]);
            }
            consumer.start();
        }catch (MQClientException e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return consumer;
    }
}
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5、消息监听配置

import com.rocket.queue.service.impl.ParamConfigService;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.CollectionUtils;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;
/**
 * 消息消费监听
 */
@Component
public class RocketMsgListener implements MessageListenerConcurrently {
    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(RocketMsgListener.class) ;
    @Resource
    private ParamConfigService paramConfigService ;
    @Override
    public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(List<MessageExt> list, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext context) {
        if (CollectionUtils.isEmpty(list)){
            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
        }
        MessageExt messageExt = list.get(0);
        LOG.info("接受到的消息为:"+new String(messageExt.getBody()));
        int reConsume = messageExt.getReconsumeTimes();
        // 消息已经重试了3次,如果不需要再次消费,则返回成功
        if(reConsume ==3){
            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
        }
        if(messageExt.getTopic().equals(paramConfigService.feePlatTopic)){
            String tags = messageExt.getTags() ;
            switch (tags){
                case "FeeAccountTag":
                    LOG.info("开户 tag == >>"+tags);
                    break ;
                default:
                    LOG.info("未匹配到Tag == >>"+tags);
                    break;
            }
        }
        // 消息消费成功
        return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
    }
}
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6、配置参数绑定

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
@Service
public class ParamConfigService {
    @Value("${fee-plat.fee-plat-group}")
    public String feePlatGroup ;
    @Value("${fee-plat.fee-plat-topic}")
    public String feePlatTopic ;
    @Value("${fee-plat.fee-account-tag}")
    public String feeAccountTag ;
}
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7、消息发送测试

import com.rocket.queue.service.FeePlatMqService;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.SendResult;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
@Service
public class FeePlatMqServiceImpl implements FeePlatMqService {
    @Resource
    private DefaultMQProducer defaultMQProducer;
    @Resource
    private ParamConfigService paramConfigService ;
    @Override
    public SendResult openAccountMsg(String msgInfo) {
        // 可以不使用Config中的Group
        defaultMQProducer.setProducerGroup(paramConfigService.feePlatGroup);
        SendResult sendResult = null;
        try {
            Message sendMsg = new Message(paramConfigService.feePlatTopic,
                                          paramConfigService.feeAccountTag,
                                         "fee_open_account_key", msgInfo.getBytes());
            sendResult = defaultMQProducer.send(sendMsg);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return sendResult ;
    }
}
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