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仿肯德基宅急送App-Vue实战

前言

Vue学习有一段时间了,就想着用Vue来写个项目练练手,弄了半个月,到今天为止也算勉强能看了。
由于不知道怎么拿手机App的接口,并且KFC电脑端官网真的...一言难尽,所以项目所有数据都是我截图然后写在EasyMock里的,有需要的同学可以自取

首页 商品页 外卖页


技术栈

vue + webpack + vuex + axios

文件目录

│  App.vue
│  main.js
│
├─assets
│      logo.png
│
├─components
│  │  cartcontrol.vue
│  │  code.vue
│  │  coupon.vue
│  │  mineHeader.vue
│  │  scroll.vue
│  │  shopHeader.vue
│  │  sidebar.vue
│  │  submitBar.vue
│  │  takeout.vue
│  │  wallet.vue
│  │
│  └─tabs
│          Other.vue
│          Outward.vue
│          Selfhelp.vue
│          Vgold.vue
│
├─pages
│  ├─home
│  │      home.vue
│  │
│  ├─mine
│  │      mine.vue
│  │
│  ├─order
│  │      order.vue
│  │
│  └─shop
│          shop.vue
│
├─router
│      index.js
│
└─vuex
    │  store.js
    │  types.js
    │
    └─modules
            com.js
            cou.js
            take.js
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效果展示

定义的组件

better-scroll

因为每个页面都需要滑动,所以一开始就把scroll组件封装好,之后使用的话引入一下就行了

<template>
  <div ref="wrapper">
    <slot></slot>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import BScroll from 'better-scroll';
const DIRECTION_H = 'horizontal';
const DIRECTION_V = 'vertical';
export default {
  name: 'scroll',
  props: {
    /**
      * 1 滚动的时候会派发scroll事件,会节流。
      * 2 滚动的时候实时派发scroll事件,不会节流。
      * 3 除了实时派发scroll事件,在swipe的情况下仍然能实时派发scroll事件
      */
    probeType: {
      type: Number,
      default: 1
    },
    /**
      * 点击列表是否派发click事件
      */
    click: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: true
    },
    /**
      * 是否开启横向滚动
      */
    scrollX: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: false
    },
    /**
      * 是否派发滚动事件
      */
    listenScroll: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: false
    },
    /**
      * 列表的数据
      */
    data: {
      type: Array,
      default: null
    },
    pullup: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: false
    },
    pulldown: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: false
    },
    beforeScroll: {
      type: Boolean,
      default: false
    },
    /**
      * 当数据更新后,刷新scroll的延时。
      */
    refreshDelay: {
      type: Number,
      default: 20
    },
    direction: {
      type: String,
      default: DIRECTION_V
    }
  },
  methods: {
    _initScroll() {
      if(!this.$refs.wrapper) {
        return
      }
      this.scroll = new BScroll(this.$refs.wrapper, {
        probeType: this.probeType,
        click: this.click,
        eventPassthrough: this.direction === DIRECTION_V ? DIRECTION_H : DIRECTION_V
      })
      // 是否派发滚动事件
      if (this.listenScroll) {
        this.scroll.on('scroll', (pos) => {
          this.$emit('scroll', pos)
        })
      }
      // 是否派发滚动到底部事件,用于上拉加载
      if (this.pullup) {
        this.scroll.on('scrollEnd', () => {
          if (this.scroll.y <= (this.scroll.maxScrollY + 50)) {
            this.$emit('scrollToEnd')
          }
        })
      }

      // 是否派发顶部下拉事件,用于下拉刷新
      if (this.pulldown) {
        this.scroll.on('touchend', (pos) => {
          // 下拉动作
          if (pos.y > 50) {
            this.$emit('pulldown')
          }
        })
      }

      // 是否派发列表滚动开始的事件
      if (this.beforeScroll) {
        this.scroll.on('beforeScrollStart', () => {
          this.$emit('beforeScroll')
        })
      }
    },
    disable() {
      // 代理better-scroll的disable方法
      this.scroll && this.scroll.disable()
    },
    enable() {
      // 代理better-scroll的enable方法
      this.scroll && this.scroll.enable()
    },
    refresh() {
      // 代理better-scroll的refresh方法
      this.scroll && this.scroll.refresh()
    },
    scrollTo() {
      // 代理better-scroll的scrollTo方法
      this.scroll && this.scroll.scrollTo.apply(this.scroll, arguments)
    },
    scrollToElement() {
      // 代理better-scroll的scrollToElement方法
      this.scroll && this.scroll.scrollToElement.apply(this.scroll, arguments)
    },
  },
  mounted() {
    setTimeout(() => {
      this._initScroll()
    },20)
  },
  watch: {
    data () {
      setTimeout(() => {
        this.refresh()
      },this.refreshDelay)
    }
  },
}
</script>

<style>

</style>
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slot 插槽是一块模板,显示不显示,以及怎样显示由父组件来决定, 也就是把你想要滑动的区域插进去,剩下的内容都是官方文档定义好的,复制一遍就好了

固定头部

头部相对页面是固定的,这里我把头部都封装成了组件,在主页面引入头部,要滑动的部分放入上面定义好的scroll组件即可

侧边栏以及弹出框

起初我的想法是用router-link直接跳转,然后发现这样做页面会自带导航栏,于是我决定通过CSS动态绑定来实现它
<template>
  <div class="sidebar">
    <div class="sidebar-con" :class="{showbar: showSidebar}">
      <div class="navbar_left" @click="backTo">
        <img src="../pages/mine/zuo.png" alt="">
      </div>
        <van-tree-select :height="850" :items="items" :main-active-index="mainActiveIndex" :active-id="activeId" @navclick="onNavClick" @itemclick="onItemClick"/>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>
复制代码

样式用的是Vant UI组件,最外面绑定了一个动态样式showbar,然后把整体的初始位置设在屏幕之外,当传入参数为true时再回来,用Vuex管理它的状态

.sidebar-con {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: -400px;
  transform: translateZ(0);
  opacity: 0;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: 1002;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
.showbar {
  transform: translateX(400px);
  opacity: 1;
}
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Vuex状态管理

const state = {
  showSidebar: false
}

const mutations = {
  [types.COM_SHOW_SIDE_BAR] (state, status) {
    state.showSidebar = status
  }
}

const actions = {
  setShowSidebar ({commit}, status) {
    commit(types.COM_SHOW_SIDE_BAR, status)
  }
}

const getters = {
  showSidebar: state => state.showSidebar
}
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用mapGetter拿到对象,然后传给computed属性,对象可以直接使用

  computed: {
    ...mapGetters([
      'showSidebar'
    ])
  },
复制代码

当需要显示的时候使用dispatch将参数传入 this.$store.dispatch('setShowSidebar', true)

整体代码

<template>
  <div class="sidebar">
    <div class="sidebar-con" :class="{showbar: showSidebar}">
      <div class="navbar_left" @click="backTo">
        <img src="../pages/mine/zuo.png" alt="">
      </div>
        <van-tree-select :height="850" :items="items" :main-active-index="mainActiveIndex" :active-id="activeId" @navclick="onNavClick" @itemclick="onItemClick"/>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import { TreeSelect } from 'vant';
import { mapGetters } from 'vuex';
export default {
data() {
    return {
    },
  ],
      // 左侧高亮元素的index
      mainActiveIndex: 0,
      // 被选中元素的id
      activeId: 1
    };
  },
  computed: {
    ...mapGetters([
      'showSidebar'
    ])
  },
  methods: {
    onNavClick(index) {
      this.mainActiveIndex = index;
    },
    onItemClick(data) {
      this.activeId = data.id;
      this.$emit('active', data.text)
      this.$store.dispatch('setShowSidebar', false)
    },
    backTo(){
      this.$store.dispatch('setShowSidebar', false)
    },
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.sidebar-con {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: -400px;
  transform: translateZ(0);
  opacity: 0;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: 1002;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
.showbar {
  transform: translateX(400px);
  opacity: 1;
}
.navbar_left {
  background-color: #da3a35;
}
.navbar_left img {
  width: 25px;
  height: 25px;
  margin-left: 3vw;
  margin-top: 5px;
}
</style>
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外卖点餐

这里参考的是慕课网黄轶大大的课程,课程地址

商品展示

<template>
  <div class="takeout" :class="{showtakeout: showTakeout}">
    <div class="goods">
      <div class="header">
        <div class="navbar_left" @click="backTo">
          <img src="../pages/shop/zuo.png" alt="">
        </div>
        <div class="appointment">
          <div class="btn">
            <div class="yy">预约</div>
            <div class="Kcoffee">K咖啡</div>
          </div>
          <div class="bag">
            <router-link style="color: #000" to="/coupon">
              <div class="bagtext">
                卡包<p>3</p></div>
            </router-link>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="goodList">
        <div class="menu-wrapper" ref="menuWrapper">
          <ul>
            <li
              v-for="(item,index) in goods"
              :key="index"
              class="menu-item"
              :class="{'current':currentIndex===index}"
              @click="selectMenu(index,$event)"
            >
              <span class="text border-1px">
                {{item.name}}
              </span>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </div>
        <div class="foods-wrapper" ref="foodsWrapper">
          <ul>
            <li v-for="(item,index) in goods" :key="index" class="food-list" ref="foodList">
              <h1 class="title">{{item.name}}</h1>
              <ul>
                <li
                  v-for="(food,index) in item.foods"
                  :key="index"
                  class="food-item border-1px"
                  @click="selectFood(index, $event)"
                >
                  <div class="icon">
                    <img :src="food.image">
                  </div>
                  <div class="content">
                    <h2 class="name">{{food.name}}</h2>
                    <div class="price">
                      <span class="now">¥{{food.price}}</span>
                    </div>
                    <div class="cartcontrol-wrapper">
                      <cartcontrol @add="addFood" :food="food"></cartcontrol>
                    </div>
                  </div>
                </li>
              </ul>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </div>
      </div>
      <submit-bar ref="shopcart" :selectFoods="selectFoods"></submit-bar>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>
复制代码

这里通过currentIndex和index做对比,来确认是否添加current类,通过添加current类来实现当前页面的区域的样式变化,他们之间的对比关系也就是menu区域和foods区域的显示区域的对比关系

需要注意的是vue传递原生事件使用$event

<script>
import BScroll from 'better-scroll'
import cartcontrol from './cartcontrol'
import submitBar from './submitBar'
import { mapGetters } from 'vuex'
export default {
  name: 'takeout',
  data() {
    return {
      goods: [],
      listHeight: [],
      scrollY: 0
    }
  },
  components: {
    cartcontrol,
    submitBar
  },
  computed: {
    ...mapGetters([
      'showTakeout'
    ]),
    currentIndex () {
      for(let i = 0; i < this.listHeight.length; i++) {
        let height1 = this.listHeight[i - 1]
        let height2 = this.listHeight[i]
        if (!height2 || (this.scrollY >= height1 && this.scrollY < height2)) {
          return i
        }
      }
      return 0
    },
    selectFoods () {
      let foods = []
      this.goods.forEach(good => {
        good.foods.forEach(food => {
          if (food.count) {
            foods.push(food)
          }
        })
      })
      return foods
    }
  },
  methods: {
    backTo () {
      this.$store.dispatch('setShowTakeout', false)
    },
     selectMenu(index, event) {
      if (!event._constructed) {
        return;
      }
      let foodList = this.$refs.foodList;
      let el = foodList[index];
      this.foodsScroll.scrollToElement(el, 300);
    },
    selectFood(food, event) {
      if (!event._constructed) {
        return;
      }
      this.selectedFood = food;
    },
    _initScroll() {
      this.meunScroll = new BScroll(this.$refs.menuWrapper, {
        click: true
      })
      this.foodsScroll = new BScroll(this.$refs.foodsWrapper, {
        click: true,
        probeType: 3
      })
      this.foodsScroll.on('scroll', pos => {
        this.scrollY = Math.abs(Math.round(pos.y))
      })
    },
    _calculateHeight () {
      let foodList = this.$refs.foodList
      let height = 0
      for (let i = 0; i < foodList.length; i++) {
        let item = foodList[i]
        height += item.clientHeight
        this.listHeight.push(height)
      }
    },
  },
  created () {
    this.$http.get('https://www.easy-mock.com/mock/5ca49494ea0dc52bf3b67f4e/example/takeout')
      .then(res => {
        if (res.data.errno === 0) {
          this.goods = res.data.data
          this.$nextTick(() => {
            this._initScroll()
            this._calculateHeight()
          })
        }
      })
  }
}
</script>
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购物车

<template>
<div class="submitBar">
  <van-submit-bar
  :loading="setloading"
  :price="totalPrice"
  button-text="提交订单"
  @submit="onSubmit"
>
  <div class="shoppingCart" @click="toggleList">
    <img src="../../images/gwc.png" alt="">
    <span v-if="selectFoods.length > 0">{{selectFoods.length}}</span>
  </div>
</van-submit-bar>
 <transition name="fold">
    <div class="shopcart-list" v-show="listShow">
      <div class="list-header">
        <h1 class="title">购物车</h1>
        <span class="empty" @click="empty">清空</span>
      </div>
      <div class="list-content" ref="listContent">
        <ul>
          <li class="food" v-for="(food, index) in selectFoods" :key="index">
            <span class="name">{{food.name}}</span>
            <div class="price">
              <span>¥{{food.price*food.count}}</span>
            </div>
            <div class="cartcontrol-wrapper">
              <cartcontrol @add="addFood" :food="food"></cartcontrol>
            </div>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </div>
    </div>
  </transition>
  <transition name="fade">
    <div class="list-mask" @click="hideList" v-show="listShow"></div>
  </transition>
</div>
</template>
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购物车列表的显示和隐藏以及清空按钮是通过数据fold来决定的,购物车列表是通过计算属性listshow来实现,清空按钮也是通过设置count属性来实现,这样都达到了不用操作dom就可以改变dom行为的效果。

<script>
import { SubmitBar } from 'vant';
import BScroll from 'better-scroll';
import cartcontrol from './cartcontrol';
export default {
  props: {
    selectFoods: {
      type: Array,
      default() {
        return [
          {
            price: 10,
            count: 1
          }
        ]
      }
    },
  },
  data() {
    return {
      setloading: false,
      fold: true
    }
  },
  computed: {
    totalCount () {
      let count = 0
      this.selectFoods.forEach((food) => {
        count += food.count
      })
      return count
    },
    totalPrice () {
      let total = 0
      this.selectFoods.forEach((food) => {
        total += food.price * food.count * 100
      })
      return total
    },
    listShow () {
      if (!this.totalCount) {
        this.fold = true
        return false
      }
      let show = !this.fold
      if (show) {
        this.$nextTick(() => {
          if (!this.scroll) {
            this.scroll = new BScroll(this.$refs.listContent, {
              click: true
            })
          } else {
            this.scroll.refresh()
          }
        })
      }
      return show
    }
  },
  methods: {
    toggleList(){
      console.log(this.totalCount)
      if (!this.totalCount) {
        return;
      }
      this.fold = !this.fold;
    },
    onSubmit() {
      this.setloading = true
    },
    empty() {
      this.selectFoods.forEach((food) => {
        food.count = 0;
      });
    },
    hideList() {
      this.fold = true;
    },
    addFood() {}
  },
  components: {
    cartcontrol
  }
}
</script>
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操作按钮

这个模块主要通过三个小模块实现,删除按钮,显示数量块,增加按钮

<template>
  <div class="cartcontrol">
    <transition name="move">
      <div class="cart-decrease" v-show="food.count > 0" @click="decreaseCart">
        <div class="inner">
          <img width="15px" height="15px" src="../../images/jian.png" alt="">
        </div>
      </div>
    </transition>
    <div class="cart-count" v-show="food.count > 0">{{food.count}}</div>
    <div class="cart-add" @click="addCart">
      <img width="15px" height="15px" src="../../images/add.png" alt="">
    </div>
  </div>
</template>
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addCart以及decreaseCart方法,默认会传入event原生dom事件,food数据是从父组件传入的,所以对这个数据的修改,也能够反应到父组件,也因为购物车的数据也是从父组件传入的,使用同一个food数据,从而关联到购物车的购买数量统计。

<script>
export default {
 name: "cartcontrol",
  props: {
    food: {
      type: Object
    }
  },
  data() {
    return {

    }
  },
  methods: {
    addCart (event) {
      console.log(event)
      if (!event._constructed) {
        return
      }
      if (!this.food.count) {
        this.$set(this.food, 'count', 1)
      } else {
        this.food.count++
      }
      this.$emit('add', event.target)
    },
    decreaseCart (event) {
      if (!event._constructed) {
        return
      }
      if (this.food.count) {
        this.food.count--
      }
    }
  },
}
</script>
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异步问题

  <div class="various" v-for="(item,index) in various" :key="index">
    <div class="title">
      <div class="strip"></div>
      <p>{{item[0].name}}</p>
      <div class="strip"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="various_img">
      <div class="various_title">
        <img :src="item[0].urll" alt="">
      </div>
      <div ref="listwrapper" class="index">
          <div class="various_list">
            <div class="various_box" v-for="(u,i) in item.slice(1)" :key="i">
              <img :src="u.url" alt=""> 
            </div>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
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这里循环嵌套,整个DOM结构都是循环出来的,而better-scroll需要操作DOM结构,要实现横向滑动效果,难免会有异步问题。
可是无论我使用.then或者$nextTick都无法挂载better-scroll,查阅了大量文档也无法解决,最后只能使用原生的overflow-X,若是有解决办法,欢迎提出,感激不尽!

结语

总的来说这个项目还有很多不足,实现的功能也很少,后续我会继续改进。
如果这篇文章对你有帮助,不妨点个赞吧!
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