阅读 2626

前端中的接口聚合

request-combo

这是一个前端简易版接口聚合模块,主要用于以下场景:

  • 一个支持参数合并的接口,在组件化或其他场景下调用了不同参数的相同的接口,这时把这些调用合并成一个或多个接口再请求。
  • 避免发起相同的请求,某些情况下发起了相同的请求,经收集处理后,实际只发起一个请求。但是不同的发起端的callback 都能得到处理。

主要逻辑设计

  • 要知道接口的基本信息,包括但不限于 url、params、callback...
  • 既然要聚合,那么得有一个收集接口的队列
  • 每个接口的队列要有状态,当一个新接口到来时,该接口的队列可能还没创建,可能正在收集,可能刚发完请求。
  • 要有接口队列发起请求的条件,收集时间够了或者收集长度够了...
  • 有缓存机制,已获取的数据暂时缓存起来

API 设计

调用方法:requestCombo() 参数:

    apiData: ApiData, 
    params: object, 
    callback: Function, 
    request = axios, 
    collectTime = 100, 
    isCombo = true, 
    errorHandle?: Function
复制代码

ApiData 类型中包含以下内容:

params Description Type Example
url 接口地址 string http:xxx/api
pack 参数合并逻辑函数 function fn
unpack 数据拆解逻辑函数 function fn
maxComboNum 接口最大收集次数 number 10
requestMethod 当前请求类型 string 'get'

具体实现

import axios from 'axios';

interface ApiData {
    url: string;
    pack: Function;
    unpack: Function;
    maxComboNum?: number;
    requestMethod?: string;
}

/**
 * status: number
 * 0:init
 * 1:pending
 * 2:done
 * 
 * request
 * The api must be the same as axios
 */
const dataCache: object = {};
const busData: object = {};

export const requestCombo = (apiData: ApiData, params: object, callback?: Function, request = axios, collectTime = 100, isCombo = true, errorHandle?: Function) => {
    const { url, requestMethod = 'get', maxComboNum = 10, pack, unpack } = apiData;

    const method: string = requestMethod.toLocaleLowerCase();
    const cacheKey = `${url}_${method}_${JSON.stringify(params)}`;
    const busKey = `${url}_${method}`;

    if (!url) return;

    const sendRequest = async () => {
        clearTimeout(busData[busKey].timer);
        const paramList = busData[busKey].paramList;
        const paramObject = pack(paramList);

        busData[busKey] = null;
        try {
            const result = await applyRequest(url, paramObject, method, request);
            // 拆解,拆完要对应回去,因此要用 param 做key
            const obj = unpack(result, paramList) || {};
            Object.keys(obj).forEach((key) => {
                const dataNode = dataCache[cacheKey];
                if (!dataNode) {
                    errorHandle ? errorHandle('Data Unpack Error') : console.log('Data Unpack Error');
                } else {
                    dataNode.data = obj[key];
                    dataNode.status = 2;
                    dataNode.cbs.forEach((cb: Function) => {
                        cb(obj[key]);
                    });
                }
            });
        } catch (ex) {
            if (errorHandle) {
                errorHandle(ex);
                return;
            }
            throw ex;
        }
    };

    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        if (!callback) callback = () => { }; //预处理接口返回数据
        const _callback = callback;
        callback = (json: any) => {
            const raw = _callback(json);
            if (raw && typeof raw.then === 'function') {//认为是Promise
                raw.then((data: any) => {
                    resolve(data);
                }).catch((err: any) => { reject(err); }); //终结的promise链必须捕获错误,否则丢失错误链
            } else {
                resolve(raw);
            }
        };

        if (dataCache[cacheKey]) {
            if (dataCache[cacheKey].status === 1) {
                dataCache[cacheKey].cbs.push(callback);
            } else if (dataCache[cacheKey].status === 2) {
                callback(dataCache[cacheKey].data);
            }
        } else {
            dataCache[cacheKey] = {
                status: 1,
                cbs: [],
                data: {}
            };
            if (!isCombo) {
                applyRequest(url, params, requestMethod, request).then((data: object) => {
                    dataCache[cacheKey].status = 2;
                    dataCache[cacheKey].data = data;
                    dataCache[cacheKey].cbs.forEach((cb: Function) => {
                        cb(data);
                    });
                    resolve(data);
                });
            } else {
                if (!busData[busKey]) {
                    busData[busKey] = {
                        paramList: [params],
                        url,
                        timer: setTimeout(sendRequest, collectTime)
                    };
                } else {
                    busData[busKey].paramList.push(params); // 加入参数队列
                    if (busData[busKey].paramList.length >= maxComboNum) {
                        // 发起请求
                        sendRequest();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }).catch((ex) => {
        if (errorHandle) {
            errorHandle(ex);
            return;
        }
        throw ex;
    });
};

const applyRequest = async (url: string, params: object, requestMethod = 'get', request: any, ) => {
    if (requestMethod === 'get') {
        return request[requestMethod](url, { params });
    } else {
        return request[requestMethod](url, { ...params });
    }
};
复制代码

详见:github.com/LuckyWinty/…

Example

const ApiData = {
    getPrice: {
        url: '//test/prices',
        maxComboNum: 10,
        requestMethod: 'get',
        pack (paramList: object[]) {
            const skuids: string[] = [];
            paramList.forEach((p: any) => {
                if (p.skuids) {
                    skuids.push(p.skuids);
                }
            });
            const ret = {
                skuids: skuids.join(',')
            };

            console.log('合并后的价格参数', ret);
            return ret;
        },
        unpack: (data: any, paramList: object[]) => {
            if (data && data.data) {
                const resData = data.data||[];
                const ret = {};
                paramList.forEach((p: any) => {
                    const key = JSON.stringify(p);
                    resData.some((item: any, i: number) => {
                        const sku = item.sku;
                        if (sku === p.skuids) {
                            ret[key] = [data[i]];
                            return true;
                        }
                        return false;
                    });
                });
                console.log('价格拆解数据', ret);
                return ret;
            }
            return [];
        }
    }
};

const p1 = requestCombo(ApiData['getPrice'], { skuids: '11111' }, (data: any) => {
    console.log(data);
});
const p2 = requestCombo(ApiData['getPrice'], { skuids: '11112' }, (data: any) => {
    console.log(data);
});
const p3 = requestCombo(ApiData['getPrice'], { skuids: '11113' }, (data: any) => {
    console.log(data);
});
const data1 = await p1;
const data2 = await p2;
const data3 = await p3;
复制代码

作为独立repo打包

这种情况适合使用 webpack 来作为打包器。我们主要配置几个点:

  • 支持各种模式的导入(umd、ES6的export、export default导出)
  • 打包压缩版用于生产环境,未压缩版用于开发环境
  • 将项目名与入口文件的返回值绑定(script引入时可以直接访问项目名称来访问包)

最后配置如下:

    //webpack.config.js
    const TerserPlugin = require('terser-webpack-plugin');

    module.exports = {
        entry: {
            'RequestCombo': './src/index.js',
            'RequestCombo.min': './src/index.js'
        },
        output: {
            filename: '[name].js',
            library: 'RequestCombo',
            libraryTarget: 'umd',
            libraryExport: 'default'
        },
        mode: 'none',
        optimization: {
            minimize: true,
            minimizer: [
                new TerserPlugin({
                    include: /\.min\.js$/,
                })
            ]
        }
    }
复制代码

在工具库中,用 rollup 打包

这个跟 webpack 打包的目标是一致的。就是工具不同,配置稍有差异.

//为展示方便,删除了部分插件
const filesize = require('rollup-plugin-filesize')
const path = require('path')
const { terser } = require('rollup-plugin-terser')
const { name, version, author } = require('../package.json')

const componentName = process.env.COMPONENT
const componentType = process.env.COMPONENT_TYPE || 'js'

const banner = `${'/*!\n* '}${name}.js v${version}\n`
  + ` * (c) 2018-${new Date().getFullYear()} ${author}\n`
  + ' * Released under the MIT License.\n'
  + ' */'

module.exports = [
  {
    input: path.resolve(__dirname, `../src/${componentName}/src/index.${componentType}`),
    output: [
      {
        file: path.resolve(
          __dirname,
          `../src/${componentName}/dist/${componentName}.min.js`
        ),
        format: 'umd',
        name,
        banner,
        sourcemap: true,
      }
    ],
    plugins: [terser(), filesize()],
  },
  {
    input: path.resolve(__dirname, `../src/${componentName}/src/index.${componentType}`),
    output: {
      file: path.resolve(
        __dirname,
        `../src/${componentName}/dist/${componentName}.min.esm.js`
      ),
      format: 'esm',
      banner,
    },
    plugins: [terser(), filesize()],
  },
  {
    input: path.resolve(__dirname, `../src/${componentName}/src/index.${componentType}`),
    output: [
      {
        file: path.resolve(
          __dirname,
          `../src/${componentName}/dist/${componentName}.js`
        ),
        format: 'umd',
        name,
        banner,
      }
    ],
    plugins: [],
  }
]
复制代码

详见:github.com/LuckyWinty/…

发布到 npm

相关命令 添加用户: npm adduser

登陆: npm login

发布版本: npm publish

升级版本:

  • 升级补丁版本号: npm version patch
  • 升级小版本号: npm version minor
  • 升级大版本号: npm version major

最后

  • 了解更多内容,欢迎关注我的blog, 给我个star~
  • 觉得内容有帮助可以关注下我的公众号 「前端Q」,一起学习成长~~
    GitHub
关注下面的标签,发现更多相似文章
评论