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效率神器Fastlane 之登陆校验

作为一位iOS开发者,或者自动化测试工作者,大家都或多或少的接触或者听说过fastlane,今天主要讲一下fastlane的最基本使用和登陆校验问题!

什么是fastlane

fastlane is the easiest way to automate beta deployments and releases for your iOS and Android apps. 🚀 It handles all tedious tasks, like generating screenshots, dealing with code signing, and releasing your application.

怎么安装

// 安装最新的Xcode command line tools
xcode-select --install
// 安装 fastlane
sudo gem install fastlane -n /usr/local/bin

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基础使用场景

  1. 上传testflight
  2. 上传apple store
  3. fastlane自有action
  4. 自定义 action
    • 自定义上传私有库Action
    • 内网分发
    • ...

使用

假设我们从来没有使用过fastlane,我们来总结一下步骤:

  1. 进入一个Xcode项目跟目录

  2. 执行fastlane init

    fastlane init
    
    新版本安装的时候出现了下面的分支选择,按要求选择就行
    
    1. 📸  Automate screenshots
    2. 👩‍✈️  Automate beta distribution to TestFlight (自动testfilght型配置)
    3. 🚀  Automate App Store distribution (自动发布型配置)
    4. 🛠  Manual setup - manually setup your project to automate your (需要手动配置内容)
    
    3
    [10:42:34]: Please enter your Apple ID developer credentials
    [10:42:34]: Apple ID Username:
    xxxxxxx@126.com
    [10:43:17]: Logging in...
    [10:43:22]: ✅  Logging in with your Apple ID was successful
    由于我之前配置过账号密码,所以直接就通过了 ,剩下的步骤随便选择
    复制代码
  3. 执行 fastlane release ,愉快的等待打包上传的过程

  4. 如果账号没有开启两步验证的话,到这里,整个打包过程就结束了.但是作为开发者的我们,经历过去年 apple的一轮协议更新,主账号一般都开启了两步验证了,因此我们非常悲催的发现一个场景,在链接apple connect的时候,它报错了

    [12:00:06]: Login to App Store Connect (XXXXXXXX@163.com)
    [12:00:13]: Login successful
    [12:00:18]: Ready to upload new build to TestFlight (App: 100000000)...
    [12:00:23]: Fetching password for transporter from environment variable named `FASTLANE_APPLE_APPLICATION_SPECIFIC_PASSWORD`
    [12:00:23]: Going to upload updated app to App Store Connect
    [12:00:23]: This might take a few minutes. Please don't interrupt the script.
    [12:00:34]: [Transporter Error Output]: Your Apple ID or password was entered incorrectly. (-20101)
    
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Please provide your Apple Developer Program account credentials
    The login information you enter will be stored in your macOS Keychain
    You can also pass the password using the `FASTLANE_PASSWORD` environment variable
    See more information about it on GitHub: https://github.com/fastlane/fastlane/tree/master/credentials_manager
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    复制代码
  5. 登录账号管理获取app专用密码 appleid.apple.com/account/man…

  6. 编辑zshrc文件 open ~/.zshrc

    source ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/plugins/zsh-syntax-highlighting/zsh-syntax-highlighting.zsh
    
    alias code='/Applications/Visual\ Studio\ Code.app/Contents/Resources/app/bin/code'
    # 添加全局变量
    export FASTLANE_APPLE_APPLICATION_SPECIFIC_PASSWORD=App专用密码
    复制代码

    执行下 source ~/.zshrc

  7. 获取 FASTLANE_SESSION

    fastlane spaceauth -u appleId
    Logging into to App Store Connect (xxxxxxxx@163.com)...
    Available session is not valid any more. Continuing with normal login.
    Successfully logged in to App Store Connect
    
    ---
    
    Pass the following via the FASTLANE_SESSION environment variable:
    ---\n- !ruby/object:HTTP::Cookie\n  name: DES5615ee1ca80587ae9a69d81e576853164\n  value: HSARMTKNSRVXWFlaEvzCiaueSue3lJT7k2RbYnFJWaPCa50RJ4/qZ/Rh+pWnT0xLd+ePTS+i0ax6lBWEDVFs4mkv0YvOz1vJ56g126teanj4GLP+zwxZ5zksmVgxJ9TSb5BsoxuNSRVX\n  domain: idmsa.apple.com\n  for_domain: true\n  path: "/"\n  secure: true\n  httponly: true\n  expires: \n  max_age: 2592000\n  created_at: 2019-11-05 17:27:39.027306000 +08:00\n  accessed_at: 2019-11-06 10:10:33.027385000 +08:00\n- !ruby/object:HTTP::Cookie\n  name: myacinfo\n  value: 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\n  domain: apple.com\n  for_domain: true\n  path: "/"\n  secure: true\n  httponly: true\n  expires: \n  max_age: \n  created_at: 2019-11-06 10:10:35.096023000 +08:00\n  accessed_at: 2019-11-06 10:10:35.097007000 +08:00\n- !ruby/object:HTTP::Cookie\n  name: dqsid\n  value: eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpYXQiOjE1NzMwMDYyMzUsImp0aSI6IjdJTWVKdXJmWjVWNk9fNmh1QWR6RncifQ.LHAoqXse1mFQY5DEr4PcuzFRf0juWFXrFYdur1kDFW8\n  domain: appstoreconnect.apple.com\n  for_domain: false\n  path: "/"\n  secure: true\n  httponly: true\n  expires: \n  max_age: 1799\n  created_at: &1 2019-11-06 10:10:36.292923000 +08:00\n  accessed_at: *1\n
    
    
    Example:
    export FASTLANE_SESSION='XXX'
    复制代码
  8. 编辑.zshrc文件open ~/.zshrc

    source ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/plugins/zsh-syntax-highlighting/zsh-syntax-highlighting.zsh
    
    alias code='/Applications/Visual\ Studio\ Code.app/Contents/Resources/app/bin/code'
    # 添加全局变量
    export FASTLANE_APPLE_APPLICATION_SPECIFIC_PASSWORD=App专用密码
    
    #添加FASTLANE_SESSION
    export FASTLANE_SESSION='XXX'
    复制代码

    执行下 source ~/.zshrc

  9. Finished!

需要注意的地方:

针对于开启两步验证的问题,需要注意的是 FASTLANE_SESSION是有有效期的, 现在的有效期是一个月,如果发现FASTLANE_SESSION 无效的时候需要重新生成下FASTLANE_SESSION.

一个trick

既然二步验证后,FASTLANE_SESSION存在过期时间,那么我们可以新建一个子账号,不开启两步验证即可规避,实际验证是可行的! 不过有一点需要确认,电脑上安装的证书包含该账号!

预告

下一节讲一下 fastlane match来管理证书,来规避一些证书管理导致的风险和问题!

A new approach to iOS code signing: Share one code signing identity across your development team to simplify your codesigning setup and prevent code signing issues.

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