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create-react-app 优雅定制指南

create-react-app是一款广泛使用的脚手架,默认它只能使用eject命令暴露出webpack配置,其实这样使用很不优雅,修改内容文件的话也不利于维护,react-app-rewired正式解决这样问题的工具,今天我们就好好学习下它的用法。

1. 安装 react-app-rewired

create-react-app 2.x with Webpack 4

npm install react-app-rewired --save-dev
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create-react-app 1.x or react-scripts-ts with Webpack 3

npm install react-app-rewired@1.6.2 --save-dev
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2. 根目录创建config-overrides.js

/* config-overrides.js */

module.exports = function override(config, env) {
  //do stuff with the webpack config...
  return config;
}
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当然我们也可以把config-overrides.js放到其他位置,比如我们要指向node_modules中某个第三方库提供的配置文件,就可以添加下面配置到package.json

"config-overrides-path": "node_modules/other-rewire"
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3. 替换 react-scripts

打开package.json:

  /* package.json */

  "scripts": {
-   "start": "react-scripts start",
+   "start": "react-app-rewired start",
-   "build": "react-scripts build",
+   "build": "react-app-rewired build",
-   "test": "react-scripts test --env=jsdom",
+   "test": "react-app-rewired test --env=jsdom",
    "eject": "react-scripts eject"
}
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4. 配置

定制 Webpack 配置

webpack字段可以用来添加你的额外配置,当然这里面不包含Webpack Dev Server

const { override, overrideDevServer, fixBabelImports, addLessLoader, addWebpackAlias, addWebpackModuleRule } = require('customize-cra');

const removeManifest = () => config => {
    config.plugins = config.plugins.filter(
        p => p.constructor.name !== "ManifestPlugin"
    );
    return config;
};

module.exports = {
    webpack: override(
        removeManifest(),
        fixBabelImports('import', {
            libraryName: 'antd',
            libraryDirectory: 'es',
            style: 'css',
        }),
        addLessLoader(),
        addWebpackModuleRule({
            test: require.resolve('snapsvg/dist/snap.svg.js'),
            use: 'imports-loader?this=>window,fix=>module.exports=0',
        },),
        addWebpackAlias({
            Snap: 'snapsvg/dist/snap.svg.js'
        }),
    ),
    devServer: overrideDevServer(
        ...
    )
}
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定制 Jest 配置 - Testing

jest配置

定制 Webpack Dev Server

通过devServer我们可以做一些开发环境的配置,比如设置proxy代理,调整publicPath,通过disableHostCheck禁用转发域名检查等。

CRA 2.0开始,推荐搭配customize-cra使用,里面提供了一些常用的配置,可以方便我们直接使用。

const { override, overrideDevServer, } = require('customize-cra');

const addProxy = () => (configFunction) => {
    configFunction.proxy = {
        '/v2ex/': {
            target: 'https://www.v2ex.com',
            changeOrigin: true,
            pathRewrite: { '^/v2ex': '/' },
        },
    };

    return configFunction;
}

module.exports = {
    webpack: override(
        ...
    ),
    devServer: overrideDevServer(
        addProxy()
    )
}
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Paths - 路径变量

paths里面是create-react-app里面的一些路径变量,包含打包目录、dotenv配置地址、html模板地址等。

module.exports = {
  dotenv: resolveApp('.env'),
  appPath: resolveApp('.'),
  appBuild: resolveApp('build'),
  appPublic: resolveApp('public'),
  appHtml: resolveApp('public/index.html'),
  appIndexJs: resolveModule(resolveApp, 'src/index'),
  appPackageJson: resolveApp('package.json'),
  appSrc: resolveApp('src'),
  appTsConfig: resolveApp('tsconfig.json'),
  appJsConfig: resolveApp('jsconfig.json'),
  yarnLockFile: resolveApp('yarn.lock'),
  testsSetup: resolveModule(resolveApp, 'src/setupTests'),
  proxySetup: resolveApp('src/setupProxy.js'),
  appNodeModules: resolveApp('node_modules'),
  publicUrl: getPublicUrl(resolveApp('package.json')),
  servedPath: getServedPath(resolveApp('package.json')),
  // These properties only exist before ejecting:
  ownPath: resolveOwn('.'),
  ownNodeModules: resolveOwn('node_modules'), // This is empty on npm 3
  appTypeDeclarations: resolveApp('src/react-app-env.d.ts'),
  ownTypeDeclarations: resolveOwn('lib/react-app.d.ts'),
};
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比如我们要修改appHtmlhtml模板的默认位置,可以这样做:

const path = require('path');


module.exports = {
    paths: function (paths, env) {

        // 指向根目录的test.html
        paths.appHtml = path.resolve(__dirname, "test.html");

        return paths;
    },
}
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5. 常用示例

添加多页面入口

首先安装react-app-rewire-multiple-entry

npm install react-app-rewire-multiple-entry --save-dev
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然后在config-overrides.js配置:

const { override, overrideDevServer } = require('customize-cra');

const multipleEntry = require('react-app-rewire-multiple-entry')([{
    entry: 'src/pages/options.tsx',
    template: 'public/options.html',
    outPath: '/options.html',
}]);

const addEntry = () => config => {

    multipleEntry.addMultiEntry(config);
    return config;
};

const addEntryProxy = () => (configFunction) => {
    multipleEntry.addEntryProxy(configFunction);
    return configFunction;
}

module.exports = {
    webpack: override(
        addEntry(),
    ),
    devServer: overrideDevServer(
        addEntryProxy(),
    )
}
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禁用 ManifestPlugin

const { override, } = require('customize-cra');


const removeManifest = () => config => {
    config.plugins = config.plugins.filter(
        p => p.constructor.name !== "ManifestPlugin"
    );
    return config;
};


module.exports = {
    webpack: override(
        removeManifest(),
    ),
}
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antd 按需加载 && less-loader

const { override, fixBabelImports, addLessLoader } = require('customize-cra');

module.exports = {
    webpack: override(
        fixBabelImports('import', {
            libraryName: 'antd',
            libraryDirectory: 'es',
            style: 'css',
        }),
        addLessLoader(),
    ),
}
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最后,如果使用上有什么问题欢迎留言,我会尽我所能解答大家的问题。

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