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Antd 是怎么使用 React 制作 notification 组件的

本文相关代码地址:github      原文链接: 原文链接

简介

通过了解 antd 的制作方法以及观看源码,完成组件的简单实现;

目录

  1. 中心思想
  2. notification component
  3. notice component
  4. notification class
  5. message component
  6. 参考资料

中心思想

简单的来说就是使用 notification component 渲染出 notice components,然后使用 notification class 中的方法生成对应的位置的 notification component

配图

中心思想

为什么是这样的

先来看看 antd 是怎么使用 notification 组件的:notification.open(config),可以看出,生成这个组件是使用的一个方法,而不是像写 react 那样直接写成 <Component {...props} />,所以最终使用的 notification 是一个实例化了的类,里面有一些方法能够生成 notification componentnotice component

notification component

interface NotificationProps {
  maxCount?: number,
  closeIcon?: React.ReactNode,
}

class Notification extends React.Component<NotificationProps, {
  notices: NoticeProps[];
}> {
  constructor(props: NotificationProps) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      notices: [],
    }
  }

  addNotice = (notice: NoticeProps) => {
    const key = notice.noticeId = notice.noticeId || cuid();
    const { maxCount } = this.props;
    this.setState(previousState => {
      const notices = previousState.notices;
      const noticeIndex = notices.map(v => v.noticeId).indexOf(key);
      const updatedNotices = notices.concat();
      if (noticeIndex !== -1) {
        updatedNotices.splice(noticeIndex, 1, notice);
      } else {
        if (maxCount && notices.length >= maxCount) {
          updatedNotices.shift();
        }
        notice.key = notice.noticeId;
        updatedNotices.push(notice);
      }
      return {
        notices: updatedNotices,
      };
    });
  }

  removeNotice = (key: string) => this.setState(previousState => ({
      notices: previousState.notices.filter(n => n.noticeId !== key),
    }));

  render() {
    const { notices } = this.state;
    return <div className="notices">{notices.map((n: NoticeProps) => <Notice {...n} onClose={this.removeNotice} />)}</div>;
  }
}

export default Notification;
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不难理解,我们使用 state 进行每个组件中的 notice 进行管理,然后将其渲染,相当于是每个实例中单独管理自己的 notice list,这里需要将其看做成为一个实例化的类,并且因为使用了 react 会因为 state 的改变而重绘,所以 state 是最佳载体

notice component

export interface NoticeProps extends CommonComponentProps {
  onClose: (key: string) => void;
  content: React.ReactNode;
  key: string;
  noticeId: string;
  duration?: number;
  disableIcon?: boolean;
}

class Notice extends React.Component<NoticeProps> {
  key: string;
  timer: NodeJS.Timeout | null;
  constructor(props: NoticeProps) {
    super(props);
    this.key = this.props.noticeId;
    this.timer = null;
  }

  componentDidMount() {
    const { duration, onClose } = this.props;
    if (duration) {
      this.timer = setTimeout(() => {
        onClose(this.key);
      }, duration);
    }
  }

  componentWillUnmount() {
    if (this.timer) {
      clearTimeout(this.timer as NodeJS.Timeout);
      this.timer = null;
    }
  }

  onMouseEnter = (e: React.MouseEvent) => {
    e.preventDefault();
    const { duration } = this.props;
    if (duration || this.timer) {
      clearTimeout(this.timer as NodeJS.Timeout);
      this.timer = null;
    }
  }

  onMouseLeave = (e: React.MouseEvent) => {
    e.preventDefault();
    const { duration, onClose } = this.props;
    if (duration) {
      this.timer = setTimeout(() => {
        onClose(this.key);
      }, duration);
    }
  }

  render() {
    const { className, content, noticeId, disableIcon, style, onClose } = this.props;
    const classname = classnames('pb-notice', className);
    const closeIcon = disableIcon ? null : (
      <div className="notice-close-btn" onClick={() => {
        onClose(this.key);
      }}>X</div>);
    return <div
      id={noticeId}
      className={classname}
      onMouseEnter={this.onMouseEnter}
      onMouseLeave={this.onMouseLeave}
      style={style}
    >
      <div className="notice-content">{content}</div>
      {closeIcon}
    </div>;
  }
}

export default Notice;
复制代码

每一个 notice 便是我们消息的承载体,可以手动关闭,也可以设置关闭时间,在时间结束时关闭,并且为了更好的用户体验,在鼠标移动上去时清除掉定时器,移开时重新设置定时器,这样的用户体验还可以设置在轮播图这一类具有定时器的组件中,在鼠标移动上去的时候,不进行图片更换,移开之后再进行(可以适当变形,轮播图可以立即执行一次切换图片的动作);

notification class

type placementType = 
  'right-top' |
  'left-top' |
  'right-bottom' |
  'left-bottom' |
  'center-top';

export interface NotificationOptions {
  message: React.ReactNode;
  description?: React.ReactNode;
  className?: string;
  top?: number;
  bottom?: number;
  duration?: number | null;
  onClose?: (e: any) => void;
  placement?: placementType;
}

type messageType = 'info' | 'error' | 'succes' | 'warning';

interface MessageOptions extends NotificationOptions {
  type: messageType;
}

export interface NotificationInstanceProps extends NotificationOptions{
  container: HTMLElement;
}

export interface NotificationInstanceCallbackReturn {
  notice: (noticeProps: NoticeProps) => void,
  removeNotice: (key: string) => void,
  destroy: () => void,
  component: Notification,
  container: HTMLElement
}

class NotificationFactory {
  notifications: { [key: string]: { notification: NotificationInstanceCallbackReturn, div: HTMLDivElement } };
  defaultPlacement = 'right-top';
  constructor() {
    this.notifications = {};
  }
  
  private genClassName = (placement: placementType) => `pb-notifcation-${placement}`;

  private getContainer = (placement: placementType) => {
    if (get(this.notifications, [placement, 'div'], '')) {
      return this.notifications[placement].div;
    }
    const container = document.createElement('div');
    container.className = this.genClassName(placement);
    return container;
  };

  private genNotificationProps = (options: NotificationOptions) => {
    let props: any = {};
    const content = get(options, 'message', '');
    const duration = get(options, 'duration', null);
    props.content = content;
    if (duration) props.duration = duration;
    return props;
  }

  private genMessageProps = (options: MessageOptions) => {
    let props: any = {};
    const content = get(options, 'message', '');
    const duration = get(options, 'duration', 3000);
    const type = get(options, 'type', 'info');
    props.content = content;
    props.duration = duration;
    props.className = `pb-message pb-message-${type}`;
    props.disableIcon = true;
    return props;
  }

  getNotificationInstance = (
    props: NotificationInstanceProps,
    callback: (n: NotificationInstanceCallbackReturn) => void
  ) => {
    const div = props.container || document.createElement('div');
    document.body.appendChild(div);
    let called = false;
    function ref(notification: Notification) {
      if (called) {
        return;
      }
      called = true;
      callback({
        notice: (noticeProps: NoticeProps) => notification.addNotice(noticeProps),
        removeNotice: (key: string) => notification.removeNotice(key),
        component: notification,
        destroy: () => {
          ReactDOM.unmountComponentAtNode(div);
          div.parentNode && div.parentNode.removeChild(div);
        },
        container: div
      });
    }
    ReactDOM.render(<Notification {...props} ref={ref} />, div);
  };

  open = (
    options: NotificationOptions | MessageOptions,
    type: 'notice' | 'message'
  ) => {
    const placement = type === 'message'
      ? 'center-top'
      : get(options, 'placement', this.defaultPlacement) as placementType;

    const currentNotification = get(this.notifications, [placement, 'notification'], null);
    if (currentNotification) {
      currentNotification.notice(
        type === 'message'
        ? this.genMessageProps(options as MessageOptions)
        : this.genNotificationProps(options)
      );
    } else {
      const div = this.getContainer(placement);
      this.getNotificationInstance({
        container: div,
        ...options
      }, (n: NotificationInstanceCallbackReturn) => {
        this.notifications[placement] = {
          notification: n,
          div: n.container as HTMLDivElement
        }
        n.notice(
          type === 'message'
          ? this.genMessageProps(options as MessageOptions)
          : this.genNotificationProps(options)
        );
      });
    }
  }

  notice = (options: NotificationOptions) => {
    this.open(options, 'notice');
  }

  message = (options: MessageOptions) => {
    this.open(options, 'message');
  }
}

export default NotificationFactory;
复制代码

我们使用 NotificationFactory 中的 notice 进行组件的渲染,那么我们来看看这个类做了些什么事情

  1. 使用 this.notifications[placement] 存储每个位置上的内容,当做缓存
  2. 调用 open 进行 propsoptions 的组装
  3. 调用 getNotificationInstance 进行组件渲染,主要使用 ReactDOM.render(<Notification {...props} ref={ref} />, div) 将组件渲染到指定的 DOM 节点,这也是 notification class 的最主要的代码,为什么要使用 ref,因为还需要调用 notification componentaddNotice 方法,但是因为使用了 <Notification /> 的方式实例化了组件,所以如果需要获取到组件的实例,就需要用到 ref

message component

messages componentnotification component 其实是一个载体,只是展示的东西不同,所以只需要重新定义一些参数即可

参考资料

  1. antd-notification
  2. rc-notification
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