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【适合收藏】让你减少加班的15条高效JS技巧!

鱼头辛苦总结的15条非常高效的JS技巧,掌握这15个JS技巧,让你减少加班次数,多抽出点时间来陪女(男)朋友。

正文

延迟函数delay

const delay = ms => new Promise((resolve, reject) => setTimeout(resolve, ms))

const getData = status => new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    status ? resolve('done') : reject('fail')
})
const getRes = async (data) => {
    try {
        const res = await getData(data)
        const timestamp = new Date().getTime()
        await delay(1000)
        console.log(res, new Date().getTime() - timestamp)
    } catch (error) {
        console.log(error)
    }
}
getRes(true) // 隔了1秒
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分割指定长度的元素数组

const listChunk = (list, size = 1, cacheList = []) => {
    const tmp = [...list]
    if (size <= 0) {
        return cacheList
    }
    while (tmp.length) {
        cacheList.push(tmp.splice(0, size))
    }
    return cacheList
}

console.log(listChunk([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9])) // [[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9]]
console.log(listChunk([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 3)) // [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9]]
console.log(listChunk([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 0)) // []
console.log(listChunk([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], -1)) // []
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获取数组交集

const intersection = (list, ...args) => list.filter(item => args.every(list => list.includes(item)))

console.log(intersection([2, 1], [2, 3])) // [2]
console.log(intersection([1, 2], [3, 4])) // []
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函数柯里化

const curring = fn => {
    const { length } = fn
    const curried = (...args) => {
        return (args.length >= length
              ? fn(...args)
              : (...args2) => curried(...args.concat(args2)))
    }
    return curried
}

const listMerge = (a, b, c) => [a, b, c]
const curried = curring(listMerge)
console.log(curried(1)(2)(3)) // [1, 2, 3]

console.log(curried(1, 2)(3)) // [1, 2, 3]

console.log(curried(1, 2, 3)) // [1, 2, 3]
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字符串前面空格去除与替换

const trimStart = str => str.replace(new RegExp('^([\\s]*)(.*)$'), '$2')
console.log(trimStart(' abc ')) // abc  
console.log(trimStart('123 ')) // 123  
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字符串后面空格去除与替换

const trimEnd = str => str.replace(new RegExp('^(.*?)([\\s]*)$'), '$1')
console.log(trimEnd(' abc ')) //   abc  
console.log(trimEnd('123 ')) // 123  
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获取当前子元素是其父元素下子元素的排位

const getIndex = el => {
    if (!el) {
        return -1
    }
    let index = 0
    do {
        index++
    } while (el = el.previousElementSibling);
    return index
}
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获取当前元素相对于document的偏移量

const getOffset = el => {
    const {
        top,
        left
    } = el.getBoundingClientRect()
    const {
        scrollTop,
        scrollLeft
    } = document.body
    return {
        top: top + scrollTop,
        left: left + scrollLeft
    }
}
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获取元素类型

const dataType = obj => Object.prototype.toString.call(obj).replace(/^\[object (.+)\]$/, '$1').toLowerCase();
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判断是否是移动端

const isMobile = () => 'ontouchstart' in window
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fade动画

const fade = (el, type = 'in') {
    el.style.opacity = (type === 'in' ? 0 : 1)
    let last = +new Date()
    const tick = () => {
        const opacityValue = (type === 'in' 
                            ? (new Date() - last) / 400
                            : -(new Date() - last) / 400)
        el.style.opacity = +el.style.opacity + opacityValue
    	last = +new Date()
        if (type === 'in'
          ? (+el.style.opacity < 1)
          : (+el.style.opacity > 0)) {
            requestAnimationFrame(tick)
        }
    }
    tick()
}
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将指定格式的字符串解析为日期字符串

const dataPattern = (str, format = '-') => {
    if (!str) {
        return new Date()
    }
    const dateReg = new RegExp(`^(\\d{2})${format}(\\d{2})${format}(\\d{4})$`)
    const [, month, day, year] = dateReg.exec(str)
    return new Date(`${month}, ${day} ${year}`)
} 

console.log(dataPattern('12-25-1995')) // Mon Dec 25 1995 00:00:00 GMT+0800 (中国标准时间)
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禁止网页复制粘贴

const html = document.querySelector('html')
html.oncopy = () => false
html.onpaste = () => false
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input框限制只能输入中文

const input = document.querySelector('input[type="text"]')
const clearText = target => {
    const {
        value
    } = target
    target.value = value.replace(/[^\u4e00-\u9fa5]/g, '')
}
input.onfocus = ({target}) => {
    clearText(target)
}
input.onkeyup = ({target}) => {
    clearText(target)
}
input.onblur = ({target}) => {
    clearText(target)
}
input.oninput = ({target}) => {
    clearText(target)
}
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去除字符串中的html代码

const removeHTML = (str = '') => str.replace(/<[\/\!]*[^<>]*>/ig, '')
console.log(removeHTML('<h1>哈哈哈哈<呵呵呵</h1>')) // 哈哈哈哈<呵呵呵
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后记

如果你喜欢探讨技术,或者对本文有任何的意见或建议,非常欢迎加鱼头微信好友一起探讨,当然,鱼头也非常希望能跟你一起聊生活,聊爱好,谈天说地。 鱼头的微信号是:krisChans95 也可以扫码关注公众号,订阅更多精彩内容。

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